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Table of Contents
Vol. 107, No. 4, 2007
Issue release date: May 2007
Section title: Original Research
Cardiology 2007;107:433–443
(DOI:10.1159/000100908)

Safety of Rosuvastatin: Update on 16,876 Rosuvastatin-Treated Patients in a Multinational Clinical Trial Program

Shepherd J.a · Vidt D.G.b · Miller E.c · Harris S.c · Blasetto J.c
aDepartment of Pathological Biochemistry, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK; bCleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, and cAstraZeneca LP, Wilmington, Del., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research

Received: August 31, 2006
Accepted: January 08, 2007
Published online: March 16, 2007
Issue release date: May 2007

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 8

ISSN: 0008-6312 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9751 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRD

Abstract

Background: The safety and tolerability of rosuvastatin were assessed using data from 16,876patients who received rosuvastatin 5–40 mg in a multinational phase II/III/IIIb/IV program, representing 25,670 patient-years of continuous exposure to rosuvastatin. Methods: An integrated database, consisting of 33 trials whose databases were locked up to and including September 16, 2005, was used to examine adverse events and laboratory data. Results: In placebo-controlled trials, adverse events irrespective of causality assessment occurred in 52.1% of patients receiving rosuvastatin 5–40 mg (n = 931) and 51.8% of patients receiving placebo (n = 483). In all controlled clinical trials with comparator statins, rosuvastatin 5–40 mg was associated with an adverse event profile similar to profiles for atorvastatin 10–80 mg, simvastatin 10–80 mg, and pravastatin 10–40 mg. Clinically significant elevations in alanine aminotransferase (>3 times the upper limit of normal [ULN] on at least 2 consecutive occasions) were uncommon (≤0.2%) in the rosuvastatin and comparator statin groups. Elevated creatine kinase >10 times ULN occurred in ≤0.3% of patients receiving rosuvastatin or other statins. Myopathy (creatine kinase >10 times ULN with muscle symptoms) possibly related to treatment occurred in 0.03% of patients taking rosuvastatin at doses ≤40 mg. The frequency of dipstick-positive proteinuria at rosuvastatin doses ≤20 mg was comparable to that seen with other statins, and the development of proteinuria was not predictive of acute or progressive renal disease. Both short- and long-term rosuvastatin treatment were associated with small increases in estimated glomerular filtration rate, with improvements appearing to be somewhat greater in those patients beginning treatment with greater renal impairment. In the phase II–IV program, no deaths were attributed to rosuvastatin; at doses of rosuvastatin ≤40 mg, 1 case of rhabdomyolysis occurred in a patient who received rosuvastatin 20 mg and concomitant gemfibrozil treatment. Conclusion: In summary, rosuvastatin was well tolerated by a broad range of patients with dyslipidemia, and its safety profile was similar to those of comparator statins investigated in the clinical program. (Nota bene: The clinical development program for rosuvastatin initially evaluated rosuvastatin doses up to 80 mg. Following completion of the phase III/IIIb program, a decision was made not to pursue marketing approval for the 80-mg dose because the additional lipid-modifying benefits of this dose did not justify the potential risks for use in the general population of patients with dyslipidemia.)

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research

Received: August 31, 2006
Accepted: January 08, 2007
Published online: March 16, 2007
Issue release date: May 2007

Number of Print Pages: 11
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 8

ISSN: 0008-6312 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9751 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRD


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.