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Vol. 76, No. 4, 2007
Issue release date: June 2007
Section title: Regular Article
Psychother Psychosom 2007;76:226–233
(DOI:10.1159/000101501)

Mindfulness Training as an Intervention for Fibromyalgia: Evidence of Postintervention and 3-Year Follow-Up Benefits in Well-Being

Grossman P.a · Tiefenthaler-Gilmer U.b · Raysz A.c · Kesper U.d
aDivision of Psychosomatic Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Basel Hospital, Basel, Switzerland; bPsychological Institute, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; cPsychological Institute, University of Freiburg, and dFreiburg Institute of Mindfulness Research, Freiburg, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Regular Article

Published online: 6/14/2007
Issue release date: June 2007

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS

Abstract

Background: Mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) proposes a systematic program for reduction of suffering associated with a wide range of medical conditions. Studies suggest improvements in general aspects of well-being, including quality of life (QoL), coping and positive affect, as well as decreased anxiety and depression. Methods: A quasi-experimental study examined effects of an 8-week MBSR intervention among 58 female patients with fibromyalgia (mean, 52 ± 8 years) who underwent MBSR or an active social support procedure. Participants were assigned to groups by date of entry, and 6 subjects dropped out during the study. Self-report measures were validated German inventories and included the following scales: visual analog pain, pain perception, coping with pain, a symptom checklist and QoL. Pre- and postintervention measurements were made. Additionally, a 3-year follow-up was carried out on a subgroup of 26 participants. Results: Pre- to postintervention analyses indicated MBSR to provide significantly greater benefits than the control intervention on most dimensions, including visual analog pain, QoL subscales, coping with pain, anxiety, depression and somatic complaints (Cohen d effect size, 0.40–1.10). Three-year follow-up analyses of MBSR participants indicated sustained benefits for these same measures (effect size, 0.50–0.65). Conclusions: Based upon a quasi-randomized trial and long-term observational follow-up, results indicate mindfulness intervention to be of potential long-term benefit for female fibromyalgia patients.

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Regular Article

Published online: 6/14/2007
Issue release date: June 2007

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS


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