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Table of Contents
Vol. 64, No. 3, 2007
Issue release date: June 2007
Section title: Original Paper
Hum Hered 2007;64:160–171
(DOI:10.1159/000102989)

Pre- and Post-Columbian Gene and Cultural Continuity: The Case of the Gaucho from Southern Brazil

Marrero A.R.a · Bravi C.b · Stuart S.c · Long J.C.d · Pereira das Neves Leite F.a, e · Kommers T.e · Carvalho C.M.B.f · Pena S.D.J.f · Ruiz-Linares A.c · Salzano F.M.a · Cátira Bortolini M.a
aDepartamento de Genética, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; bLaboratorio de Genética Molecular Poblacional, Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Celular (IMBICE), La Plata, Argentina; cThe Galton Laboratory, University College, London, UK; dDepartment of Human Genetics, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, Mich., USA; eInstituto Geral de Perícias, Porto Alegre, RS, and fDepartamento de Bioquímica e Imunologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 1/2/2007
Accepted: 3/1/2007
Published online: 5/25/2007
Issue release date: June 2007

Number of Print Pages: 12
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0001-5652 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0062 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/HHE

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the evolutionary and demographic history of the Gaucho, a distinct population of southern Brazil, relating it to their culture, to assess possible parallel continuity. Methods: Six binary polymorphisms, an Alu insertion polymorphism (YAP) and 12 short tandem repeat loci in the non-recombining region of the Y-chromosome, as well as the sequence of the first hypervariable segment (HVS-I) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region were studied in 150 unrelated males born in the Pampa region of Rio Grande do Sul. Results: Comparison of the results with the other Brazilian and Uruguayan populations, as well as with their putative ancestors, indicated a stronger male Spanish influence than that observed elsewhere in Brazil, a former Portuguese colony. Extensive mtDNA analyses of their Amerindian component gave clear indications of the presence there of material from extinct (Charrua), as well as extant (Guarani) tribes. Conclusions: The genetic analyses contributed in a significant way to reveal that the known cultural continuity between pre- and post-Columbian Pampa populations was also accompanied by an extraordinary genetic continuity.

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 1/2/2007
Accepted: 3/1/2007
Published online: 5/25/2007
Issue release date: June 2007

Number of Print Pages: 12
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 0001-5652 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0062 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/HHE


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