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Table of Contents
Vol. 51, No. 2, 2007
Issue release date: June 2007
Section title: Original Paper
Ann Nutr Metab 2007;51:172–181
(DOI:10.1159/000103278)

Iron Intake in Relation to Diet and Iron Status of Young Adult Women

Pynaert I.a · Delanghe J.b · Temmerman M.c · De Henauw S.a, d
Departments of aPublic Health, bClinical Chemistry, Microbiology and Immunology, and cObstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, and dDepartment of Health Care, Division of Nutrition and Dietetics, Vesalius, Hogeschool Gent, Ghent, Belgium

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: May 26, 2006
Accepted: December 27, 2006
Published online: May 29, 2007
Issue release date: June 2007

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

Aims: To determine the iron intake and food sources of iron in young adult women and to compare women with high versus low iron intake on diet and iron status. Methods: Iron intake and food sources were assessed by a 2-day estimated food record. Iron status was determined by a fasting venous blood sample. Differences in diet and iron status between women with high versus low iron intake were examined by comparing women of the fourth respectively first quartile of total iron intake (mg/day). Results: The median total, heme and non-heme iron intake was 10.6, 0.6 and 9.8 mg/day, respectively. The median iron intake was 93 and 131% of the estimated average requirement (EAR) of the UK (11.4 mg/day) and USA (8.1 mg/day), respectively. The most important iron intake contributors were cereals and cereal products (31%), meat and meat products (12%) and vegetables (10%). Women with a high iron intake showed a significantly higher energy-adjusted intake of alcoholic beverages and soups and a lower intake of non-alcoholic beverages than women with a low iron intake. Approximately 5% of the women had anemia, of which 3% had iron deficiency anemia (IDA). Almost 20% was iron-deficient non-anemic. In this regard, no significant differences were found between the iron intake quartiles. Conclusion: The median iron intake in this study population is considerably below the national recommended dietary allowance (20 mg/day). However, based on the approach of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, iron intake seems to pose no major health problem when using the EAR as a reference. The number of women with IDA was indeed not alarming (3%), although 20% was iron-deficient non-anemic. The question remains whether an increase in iron intake can improve iron status.

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: May 26, 2006
Accepted: December 27, 2006
Published online: May 29, 2007
Issue release date: June 2007

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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