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Table of Contents
Vol. 22, No. 6, 2007
Issue release date: October 2007
Section title: Paper
Fetal Diagn Ther 2007;22:401–404
(DOI:10.1159/000106342)

Nuchal Translucency Measurements for First-Trimester Screening: The ‘Price’ of Inaccuracy

Evans M.I.a · Van Decruyes H.b · Nicolaides K.H.b
aFetal Medicine Foundation of America, Comprehensive Genetics, Mt. Sinai School of Medicine, New York, N.Y., USA; bFetal Medicine Foundation, London, United Kingdom

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Received: April 24, 2006
Accepted: August 08, 2006
Published online: July 24, 2007
Issue release date: October 2007

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1015-3837 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9964 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FDT

Abstract

Objective: First-trimester aneuploidy screening is in transition from the phase of ‘development’ to that of ‘diffusion.’ As with all other technologies, there is risk of diminished performance until newer centers are well experienced. Typically, inexperienced sonographers under-measure nuchal translucency (NT), and experience, training and continual monitoring of data are needed to ensure that measurements do not deviate. Here we assess the impact of systematic under-measurement on abnormality detection. Study Design: Actual NT measurements from 13,887 normal fetuses, 82 with trisomy 21 (T21) and 61 with other abnormalities (OA) with birth outcome data were mathematically modified to show either a 25% or 0.5-mm decrease in measurement. The impact upon sensitivity and screen-positive rates were assessed. Results: Reducing the NT measurements of T21 and OA cases lowers the sensitivity from 81.7 and 70.5%, respectively, to 67.1 and 62.3% (p < 0.01). If normals are correspondingly lowered, then the screen-positive rates are reduced from 6.9 to 2.0 and 2.5%. To maintain the same screen-positive rates and sensitivity, the risk threshold would have to be increased from 1/300 to 1/556. Conclusion: Minor inaccuracies in NT measurements as small as 25% or 0.5 mm will have very significant negative impacts upon abnormality detection, reducing detection rates by 18% (81.7 to 67.1%). Just as it is completely accepted that laboratory measurements require standardization and quality assurance, NT measurements, because they are used in an algorithm, need to be treated with the same rigor. That way the published data from centers that have developed such screening can be applied by other operators at other sites when counseling their patients.

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Received: April 24, 2006
Accepted: August 08, 2006
Published online: July 24, 2007
Issue release date: October 2007

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 1015-3837 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9964 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FDT


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.