Stabilization of Calcium Oxalate Suspension by Urinary Macromolecules, Probably an Efficient Protection from Stone FormationBaumann J.M.a · Affolter B.a · Caprez U.a · Clivaz C.b · Glück Z.c · Weber R.b
aStone Research Center Viollier, Biel, bBerne University of Applied Sciences, Division of Chemistry, Burgdorf, and cDepartment of Nephrology, Hospital Center Biel, Biel, Switzerland
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Introduction: Crystal aggregation (AGN) destabilizes crystal suspensions and during crystalluria probably favors crystal apposition to kidney calcifications and preexisting stones. We analyzed inhibition of AGN and stabilization of calcium oxalate suspensions by urinary macromolecules (UM), urine and solutions with urinary citrate concentration. Materials and Methods: Solutions of UM (UMS) were obtained by a hemofiltration procedure from urine of 6 healthy men. Calcium oxalate suspensions were prepared in all solutions and urine by adjusting Ca2+ to 1.5 mM and by an oxalate titration to 1.0 mM. Crystallization was monitored measuring optical density (OD). Stability of suspensions (SS) was defined as the time without sedimentation and zeta potential (ZP) of crystals was measured. AGN was visualized by scanning electron microscopy and quantified by maximal OD. Results: UMS inhibited AGN and increased ZP and SS. Most inhibitory activity of urine could be attributed to UM. 3.3-fold dilution of UM reduced SS only by 30%. Conclusions: During crystalluria, UM of healthy men are supposed to protect from stone formation by inhibiting AGN and stabilizing crystal suspensions. As a probably important aspect, this protection was found to be limited in time and may favorably be influenced by an increase of diuresis.
© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.