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Vol. 41, No. 1, 2008
Issue release date: November 2007
Section title: Overview
Psychopathology 2008;41:10–16
(DOI:10.1159/000109950)

‘Mental Retardation’ or ‘Intellectual Disability’: Time for a Conceptual Change

Salvador-Carulla L. · Bertelli M.
WPA Section ‘Psychiatry of Mental Retardation/Intellectual Disability’, Jerez, Spain

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Overview

Received: 8/7/2006
Accepted: 11/14/2006
Published online: 10/18/2007

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP

Abstract

Background: The term ‘mental retardation’ (MR) is outdated and has changed to ‘intellectual disability’ (ID). Unfortunately, this decision did not follow a nosology approach. The aim of this overview is twofold: (1) to provide a conceptual background and framing on the ID/MR field to other psychiatrists, and (2) to provide a nosology-based perspective to the debate on the name and concept of MR/ID. Method: This conceptual paper is based on a literature review and on an iterative process of debate within the WPA Section ‘Psychiatry of Mental Retardation’. Results: ID may be regarded not as a disease or as a disability but as a syndrome grouping (metasyndrome) similar to the construct of dementia. It includes a heterogeneous group of clinical conditions, ranging from genetic to nutritional, infectious, metabolic or neurotoxic conditions. The ID metasyndrome is characterized by a deficit in cognitive functioning prior to the acquisition of skills through learning. The intensity of the deficit is such to interfere in a significant way with individual normal functioning as expressed in limitations in activities and restriction in participation (disabilities). Conclusions: The name ‘developmental cognitive impairment’ is here suggested to coexist with ID for naming the metasyndrome previously called MR following a polysemic-polynomious approach.


  

Author Contacts

Prof. Luis Salvador-Carulla, MD
Section ‘Psychiatry of Mental Retardation/Intellectual Disability’
World Psychiatric Association
San Marcos 6, Jerez 11403 (Spain)
Tel. +34 956 311 587, Fax +34 956 331 759, E-Mail luis.salvador@telefonica.net

  

Article Information

Received: August 7, 2006
Accepted: November 14, 2006
Published online: October 18, 2007
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 24

  

Publication Details

Psychopathology (International Journal of Descriptive and Experimental Psychopathology, Phenomenology and Psychiatric Diagnosis)

Vol. 41, No. 1, Year 2008 (Cover Date: November 2007)

Journal Editor: Mezzich, J.E. (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 0254–4962 (print), 1423–033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Overview

Received: 8/7/2006
Accepted: 11/14/2006
Published online: 10/18/2007

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


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