College Students’ Drinking Patterns: Trajectories of AUDIT Scores during the First Four Years at UniversityJohnsson K.O. · Leifman A. · Berglund M.
aClinical Alcohol Research, Lund University, Malmö University Hospital, Malmö, and bDivision of Clinical Alcohol and Drug Addiction, Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden
Aims: Changes in AUDIT score trajectories were examined in a student population during their first 4 years at a university, including high-risk consumers and a subsample of low-risk consumers. Method: 359 students were selected for the present study, comprising all high-risk consumers (the 27% with highest scores, i.e. 11 for males and 7 for females) and a randomized sample of low-risk consumers (n = 177 and 182, respectively). The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT) was used as screening instrument. Trajectory analyses were made using a semiparametric group-based model. Results: In the low-AUDIT group, five distinct trajectories were identified: three stable non-risky consumption groups (83%) and two increasing groups (17%; from non-risky to risky). In the high-AUDIT group, three groups were identified: two stable high groups (58%) and one decreasing group (from risky to non-risky consumption; 41%). In the integrated model, stable risky consumption comprised 16% of the total sample, decreasing consumption 11%, increasing consumption comprised 13% and stable non-risky consumption 60% of the sample. Gender influenced the trajectories. Conclusion: The pattern of changes in risk consumption is similar to that found in corresponding US studies.
Kent O. Johnsson
Clinical Alcohol Research, UMAS, Entr. 108
SE–20502 Malmö (Sweden)
Tel. +46 40 331 937, Fax +46 40 336 203, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Published online: January 07, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 2, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 53
European Addiction Research
Vol. 14, No. 1, Year 2008 (Cover Date: January 2008)
Journal Editor: Krausz, M. (Vancouver)
ISSN: 1022–6877 (print), 1421–9891 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR