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Table of Contents
Vol. 14, No. 1, 2008
Issue release date: January 2008
Section title: Research Report
Eur Addict Res 2008;14:19–25
(DOI:10.1159/000110407)

Sexually Transmitted Infections, Sexual Risk Behaviors and the Risk of Heterosexual Spread of HIV among and beyond IDUs in St. Petersburg, Russia

Abdala N.a · Krasnoselskikh T.V.b · Durante A.J.a · Timofeeva M.Y.b · Verevochkin S.V.b · Kozlov A.P.b
aDepartment of Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn., USA; bThe Biomedical Center, St. Petersburg, Russia

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Published online: January 07, 2008
Issue release date: January 2008

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR

Abstract

Aims: This study investigates whether sexual transmitted behaviors and infections (STIs) among injection drug users (IDUs) may promote the spread of HIV among and beyond IDUs in Russia. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of behavior and tested for STIs in a convenience sample of 159 IDUs in St. Petersburg, Russia. Results: The median age was 27 and 57% were male. Almost all were sexually active, half had casual partners and 40% reported ≧2 sex partners in the previous 3 months. Of those who answered, 81% reported sex without condoms, 44% reported having sex with at least one partner who was not an IDU. Of 139 (87%) subjects who were actively injecting, 29% reported receptive syringe sharing. Twenty percent of subjects were seropositive for HIV-1 and 42% of HIV-1-negative subjects tested positive for an STI. Conclusions: The sample exhibited high levels of sexual risk behaviors and STIs, and a large proportion had sexual partners who were not IDUs. This population requires comprehensive interventions that ensures access to condoms and sterile injection supplies and that encourage safer sexual behaviors in an attempt to keep sexual transmission of HIV low.

© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Published online: January 07, 2008
Issue release date: January 2008

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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