Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 145, No. 4, 2008
Issue release date: March 2008
Section title: Original Paper
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2008;145:269–276
(DOI:10.1159/000110885)

Detection of Horse Allergen around a Stable

Elfman L.a · Brännström J.b · Smedje G.a
aDepartment of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, and bDepartment of Medicine, Clinical Allergy Research Unit, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger (new!)
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
  • Reduced rates with a PPV account
read more

Direct: USD 38.00
Account: USD 26.50

Select

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00

Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 1/10/2007
Accepted: 7/18/2007
Published online: 11/15/2007
Issue release date: March 2008

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA

Abstract

Background: Integrating horse stables with built-up areas may lead to conflicts. Dispersion of horse allergen may become a health risk for allergic people. The aim was to measure the dispersion of horse allergen around a stable, considering wind speed and direction and vegetation. The disturbance of staff at a workplace nearby a stable was investigated. Methods: Air sampling was performed around a stable (32 horses) at distances of 50–500 m in all directions. Sampling was done with a pump and an IOM sampler. Samples were collected at 50 points during all seasons. Horse allergen levels were determined using ELISA. Disturbance by horses was studied with a questionnaire handed to the employees in an office near the stable. Results: The median horse allergen level at the stable entrance was 316 U/m3, in the horse fields 40 U/m3 and in the whole source area 16 U/m3, which declined to <2 U/m3 at about 50 m from the source area. Downwind of the prevailing winds low levels of horse allergen (2–4 U/m3) could sometimes be detected at up to 500 m. The staff, including those allergic to horses, managed to tolerate horses close to the workplace. Conclusions: At low winds horse allergen spread in ambient air about 50 m from the stable and horse fields. At higher winds low allergen levels were sometimes found in open areas up to 500 m from the source area. These levels were similar to those found in the office after moving away from the stable area. The employees did not report more symptoms of allergy or asthma while working close to the stable compared to after the move.

© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

Correspondence to: Dr. Lena Elfman
Department of Medical Sciences, Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Uppsala University Hospital
SE–751 85 Uppsala (Sweden)
Tel. +46 18 611 3653, Fax +46 18 519 978, E-Mail lena.elfman@medsci.uu.se

  

Article Information

Received: January 10, 2007
Accepted after revision: July 18, 2007
Published online: November 15, 2007
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 17

  

Publication Details

International Archives of Allergy and Immunology

Vol. 145, No. 4, Year 2008 (Cover Date: March 2008)

Journal Editor: Valenta, R. (Vienna)
ISSN: 1018–2438 (Print), eISSN: 1423–0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 1/10/2007
Accepted: 7/18/2007
Published online: 11/15/2007
Issue release date: March 2008

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.