Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 15, No. 1, 2008
Issue release date: February 2008
Add to my selection Citation Download
Forsch Komplementärmed 2008;15:40–46
(DOI:10.1159/000112820)
Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

A Review of the Literature in Applied and Specialised Kinesiology

Hall S. · Lewith G. · Brien S. · Little P.
Complementary Medicine Research Unit, School of Medicine, University of Southampton, UK Forsch Komplementärmed 2008;15:40–46 (DOI:10.1159/000112820)

Abstract

Introduction: Kinesiology is a diagnostic, therapeutic complementary therapy utilising subtle change in manual muscle testing results to evaluate the body’s energetic balance and select healing modalities. Anecdotal evidence suggests kinesiology is helpful, therefore we wished to critically review the literature. Aims: (1) To ascertain if diagnostic accuracy including inter-examiner reliability has been established. (2) To review whether there is evidence for its therapeutic effectiveness. (3) To critically assess the quality of relevant studies. Methods: Electronic databases were searched. Diagnostic accuracy studies were analysed and scored for methodological quality and quality of reporting using the quality assessment tool for studies of diagnostic accuracy included in systematic reviews (QUADAS) and the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Studies (STARD). Clinical studies were analysed for methodological quality using the JADAD scale and for quality of reporting using the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT). Results: 22 original relevant studies were identified. Their methodology was poor. Items reported on QUADAS scored 1-11 out of a possible 14, STARD scores were between 6-13 out of 25, JADAD scores were all 0 out of 5 and CONSORT 4-6 out of 22. Consequently, we were unable to answer any of our research questions. Conclusion: There is insufficient evidence for diagnostic accuracy within kinesiology, the validity of muscle response and the effectiveness of kinesiology for any condition. The standards of reporting were low. We recommend a pragmatic study of the effectiveness of kinesiology as the most appropriate initial step to determine whether kinesiology has any clinical value.

 goto top of outline Publication Details

Forschende Komplementärmedizin / Research in Complementary Medicine ()
Official Organ of ‘Schweizerische Medizinische Gesellschaft für Phytotherapie’, Official Organ of ‘European Society for Complementary and Natural Medicine’,

Vol. 15, No. 1, Year 2008 (Cover Date: February 2008)

ISSN: 1661-4119 (Print), eISSN: 1661-4127 (Online)

For additional information: http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Aktion=showproducts&ProduktNr=235750&searchWhat=books


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.