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Table of Contents
Vol. 41, No. 1, 1993
Issue release date: 1993
Section title: Original Paper
Brain Behav Evol 1993;41:39–50
(DOI:10.1159/000113822)

The Role of the Cerebellum in Motor Control and Perception

Paulin M.G.
Department of Zoology, University of Otago, New Zealand

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: January 17, 2008
Issue release date: 1993

Number of Print Pages: 12
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0006-8977 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9743 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BBE

Abstract

The cerebellum has an important role in control and coordination of movements, but in some species, notably weakly electric fish of the family Mormyridae, anatomical, electrophysiological and behavioural evidence indicates that parts of cerebellar cortex are concerned with tracking movements of objects around the animal, rather than with controlling movements of the animal itself. The existence of such anomalies suggests that the cerebellum may not be exclusively, or even primarily, a structure for motor control. Evidence reviewed in this paper shows that the cerebellum is associated with sensory systems used for tracking movements of targets in the environment, as well as movements made by the animal itself, in all vertebrates, not just in a few isolated cases. The evidence indicates that the standard theory that the function of the cerebellum is control and coordination of movements only partially characterises cerebellar function. The cerebellum may be better characterised as a tracking system, with an important role in control and coordination of movements which arises because of an animal's need to track moving objects, to track its own movements, and to analyse the sensory consequences of movements in order to control movements. This theory not only predicts the known motor consequences of cerebellar dysfunction, it also predicts a specific kind of perceptual deficit caused by cerebellar dysfunction, namely an inability to accurately follow and predict trajectories of objects moving in the environment. A variety of behavioural and perceptual tasks in addition to motor control and movement tracking may require dynamical state estimation, and therefore may involve the cerebellum.

© 1993 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: January 17, 2008
Issue release date: 1993

Number of Print Pages: 12
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0006-8977 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9743 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BBE


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