Urinary IL-18 and NGAL as Early Predictive Biomarkers in Contrast-Induced Nephropathy after Coronary AngiographyLing W.a · Zhaohui N.a · Ben H.b · Leyi G.a · Jianping L.b · Huili D.a · Jiaqi Q.a
aRenal Division and bCardiology Division, Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Background/Aims: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is at present the third leading cause of hospital-acquired acute kidney injury (AKI). Traditionally, it is diagnosed by measuring the increase of the serum creatinine concentration. However, in patients with acute changes in their glomerular filtration rate, serum creatinine is an insensitive marker. This clinical study was designed to investigate whether human urinary interleukin-18 (IL-18) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) are early predictive markers for AKI after coronary angiography and their correlation with later cardiac events. Methods: Patients undergoing coronary angiography using low-osmolar contrast medium were enrolled and then followed up for at least 17 months. Urine samples were collected before and 24 h after coronary angiography and IL-18 and NGAL levels measured by using an ELISA kit. Results: CIN was diagnosed in 13 of 150 (8.7%) patients (CIN group); 27 patients without CIN served as control group. At 24 h after the procedure, the urinary IL-18 and NGAL levels were significantly increased in the CIN group, but not in the control group (p < 0.05). The predictable time of AKI onset determined by IL-18 was 24 h earlier than determined by serum creatinine (p < 0.01). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that both IL-18 and NGAL showed a good performance in early diagnosis of CIN as compared with serum creatinine (p < 0.05). We also found that IL-18 is an independent predictive marker for later major cardiac events: relative risk = 2.09 (p < 0.01). Conclusions: We conclude that urinary IL-18 or NGAL could be early biomarkers of CIN and that urinary IL-18 is well associated with the later cardiac outcomes in patients after coronary angiography.
© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.