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Table of Contents
Vol. 111, No. 2, 2008
Issue release date: August 2008
Section title: Original Research
Cardiology 2008;111:87–93
(DOI:10.1159/000119695)

Efficacy of a Home-Based Exercise Program for Orthotopic Heart Transplant Recipients

Wu Y.-T.a · Chien C.-L.a · Chou N.-K.b, f · Wang S.-S.b, f · Lai J.-S.c, f · Wu Y.-W.d-f
aSchool and Graduate Institute of Physical Therapy, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, bDepartment of Cardiovascular Surgery, cDepartment of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, dDivision of Cardiology, Internal Medicine Department, and eNuclear Medicine Department, National Taiwan University Hospital, and fCollege of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research

Received: August 16, 2007
Accepted: October 09, 2007
Published online: March 31, 2008
Issue release date: August 2008

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0008-6312 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9751 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRD

Abstract

Background:A hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation program can significantly improve the cardiopulmonary endurance and quality of life (QOL) in patients after orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). Home-based programs for these patients have advantages of low cost and high accessibility, but little is known about their efficacy. This prospective study was designed to evaluate the effect of an 8-week home-based exercise program on muscular strength and endurance of lower limbs, aerobic capacity and QOL in OHT recipients. Methods:Thirty-seven OHT recipients were randomized into exercise (n = 14) or control (n = 23) groups. Exercise group subjects were to exercise at least 3 times a week for 8 weeks. Each subject was evaluated by Cybex testing of right quadriceps strength and endurance, 1-min sit-to-stand test, a symptom-limited maximal exercise test and QOL assessment before and after 8 weeks. Results: Subjects in the exercise group improved significantly in sit-to-stand test, fatigue index of the right quadriceps, maximal workload achieved and physical domain of QOL compared to controls after 8 weeks, regardless of older age and lower value for sit-to-stand test at baseline. Conclusions: OHT recipients can significantly improve their muscular endurance, sit-to-stand test scores and QOL after a medically directed home-based exercise program.

© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research

Received: August 16, 2007
Accepted: October 09, 2007
Published online: March 31, 2008
Issue release date: August 2008

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0008-6312 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9751 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRD


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