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Vol. 52, No. 2, 2008
Issue release date: May 2008
Section title: Original Paper
Ann Nutr Metab 2008;52:96–104
(DOI:10.1159/000121365)

Meats, Processed Meats, Obesity, Weight Gain and Occurrence of Diabetes among Adults: Findings from Adventist Health Studies

Vang A. · Singh P.N. · Lee J.W. · Haddad E.H. · Brinegar C.H.
Departments of aHealth Promotion and Education, bEpidemiology and Biostatistics, and cNutrition, School of Public Health, Loma Linda University, and dDepartment of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Loma Linda University, Loma Linda, Calif., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 4/19/2007
Accepted: 10/18/2007
Published online: 3/18/2008
Issue release date: May 2008

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

Aim: To examine the relation between meat intake and diabetes occurrence in adults. Methods: In a prospective cohort study we examined the relation between diet and incident diabetes recorded among 8,401 cohort members (ages 45–88 years) of the Adventist Mortality Study and Adventist Health Study (California, USA) who were non-diabetic at baseline. During the 17-year follow-up, we identified 543 incident diabetes cases. Results: (1) Subjects who were weekly consumers of all meats were 29% (OR = 1.29; 95% CI 1.08, 1.55) more likely (relative to zero meat intake) to develop diabetes. (2) Subjects who consumed any processed meats (salted fish and frankfurters) were 38% (OR = 1.38; 95% CI 1.05–1.82) more likely to develop diabetes. (3) Long-term adherence (over a 17-year interval) to a diet that included at least weekly meat intake was associated with a 74% increase (OR = 1.74; 95% CI 1.36–2.22) in odds of diabetes relative to long-term adherence to a vegetarian diet (zero meat intake). Further analyses indicated that some of this risk may be attributable to obesity and/or weight gain – both of which were strong risk factors in this cohort. It is noteworthy that even after control for weight and weight change, weekly meat intake remained an important risk factor (OR = 1.38; 95% CI 1.06–1.08) for diabetes. Conclusions: Our findings raise the possibility that meat intake, particularly processed meats, is a dietary risk factor for diabetes.


  

Author Contacts

Dr. Pramil N. Singh
Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health
Loma Linda University
Loma Linda, CA 92350 (USA)
Tel. +1 909 558 4590, Fax +1 909 558 0326, E-Mail psingh@llu.edu

  

Article Information

Received: April 19, 2007
Accepted: October 18, 2007
Published online: March 18, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 9
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 65

  

Publication Details

Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism (Journal of Nutrition, Metabolic Diseases and Dietetics)

Vol. 52, No. 2, Year 2008 (Cover Date: May 2008)

Journal Editor: Elmadfa I. (Vienna)
ISSN: 0250–6807 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 4/19/2007
Accepted: 10/18/2007
Published online: 3/18/2008
Issue release date: May 2008

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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