Background: Suicide and suicidal behavior have been found to be increased among posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients. The present study examined suicide risk and Plutchik’s coping styles in PTSD patients. Method: 47 PTSD patients were compared with 42 patients with mixed non-PTSD anxiety disorders and 50 healthy control subjects, matched for age and gender, on a measure of suicide risk. Results: The PTSD patients scored significantly higher than the two control groups on the suicide risk measure. Furthermore, in the PTSD group, suicide risk was significantly negatively correlated with the coping mechanisms of mapping, minimization and replacement and positively correlated with the coping style of suppression. Furthermore, the coping styles significantly explained the variance of the suicide risk measure for all three groups. Conclusions: The cognitive map of PTSD patients highly resembles other populations with high suicide risk. Clinicians treating victims of traumatic events should focus on problem-solving therapies in order to help these patients deal less rigidly with everyday stresses and by this decrease the suicide risk.
Marianne Amir, PhD
Department of Behavioral Sciences
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, PO Box 653
84105 Beer-Sheva (Israel)
Tel. +972 76472085, Fax +972 76472932, E-Mail Mamir@bgumail.bgu.ac.il
This study was supported by a grant from the Medical Division of the Israel Ministry of Defense.
Number of Print Pages : 6
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 49
Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Founded 1953 as ‘Acta Psychotherapeutica et Psychosomatica’ by E.A.D.E. Carp and B. Stokvis, continued by Th. Spoerri (1964–1974) and P.E. Sifneos (1974–1991)
Vol. 68, No. 2, Year 1999 (Cover Date: March-April 1999)
Journal Editor: G.A. Fava, Bologna
ISSN: 0033–3190 (print), 1423–0348 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/pps
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