Interactive Effects of Tamoxifen and Estrogen upon the Nigrostriatal Dopaminergic SystemMcDermott J.L. · Anderson L.I. · Dluzen D.E.
aDepartment of Medicine, Edwin Shaw Hospital, Akron, Ohio, USA; bDepartment of Anatomy, NEOUCOM, Rootstown, Ohio, USA
Adult female rats were ovariectomized and received a 21-day release pellet containing either 17β-estradiol (0.1 mg), tamoxifen (5.0 mg), a combination of estradiol and tamoxifen or no further treatment. At 14 days following ovariectomy ± hormone treatments rats were sacrificed, the corpus striatum removed and prepared for assessment of dopamine release using in vitro superfusion. Maximal potassium-stimulated dopamine release rates were obtained with the estradiol + tamoxifen-treated rats and these levels were significantly greater than those from animals receiving only tamoxifen. Similarly, maximally amphetamine-stimulated responses were obtained from estradiol + tamoxifen-treated rats, however, in contrast to potassium, these values were significantly greater than both animals receiving either estradiol or tamoxifen alone. These data demonstrate that the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system appears particularly sensitive to the modulatory effects of a combined treatment with estradiol + tamoxifen. Moreover, some of the potential mechanisms of these responses are indicated by the differential dopamine outputs as evoked by potassium or amphetamine. The significance of these synergistic actions is their potential to mimic changes that may occur under conditions of tamoxifen treatment of premenopausal women as has been suggested for women at risk for breast cancer.
Dean E. Dluzen, Department of Anatomy, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine, 4209 State Route 44, PO Box 95, Rootstown, Ohio 44272-0095 (USA), Tel. (330) 325-2511 Ext. 285, Fax (330) 325-1076, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Received: December 16, 1996
Accepted after revision: April 25, 1997
Published online: April 09, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 7
Neuroendocrinology (International Journal for Basic and Clinical Studies on Neuroendocrine Relationships)
Vol. 66, No. 3, Year 1997 (Cover Date: 1997)
Journal Editor: Millar R.P. (Edinburgh)
ISSN: 0028–3835 (Print), eISSN: 1423–0194 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEN