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Table of Contents
Vol. 66, No. 2, 2008
Issue release date: September 2008
Section title: Original Article
Gynecol Obstet Invest 2008;66:119–122
(DOI:10.1159/000128600)

Hysterosalpingographic Tubal Abnormalities and HIV Infection among Black Women with Tubal Infertility in Sub-Saharan Africa

Adesiyun A.G.a · Ameh C.A.a · Eka A.b
aDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and bDepartment of Radiology, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Kaduna, Nigeria

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Article

Received: March 26, 2007
Accepted: February 28, 2008
Published online: April 29, 2008
Issue release date: September 2008

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0378-7346 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-002X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GOI

Abstract

Background: Tubal factor remains a common cause of infertility. The association of HIV infection and tubal infertility is a cause for concern. Objective: To determine hysterosalpingographic tubal abnormalities and HIV infection among patients with tubal infertility. Results: Over a 4-year period, 207 patients were analyzed. Of these, 174 (84.1%) presented with secondary infertility and 33 (15.9%) with primary infertility. The patients’ age range was 21–48 years and mean age was 36.2 years. One hundred and two (49.3%) patients had a history of induced abortion. Concordant bilateral tubal occlusion was found in 139 (67.2%) patients while 68 (32.8%) had discordant bilateral tubal occlusion. Of the 414 fallopian tubes studied, proximal tubal occlusion was found in 66 (15.9%) cases and distal tubal occlusive pathology occurred in 348 (84.1%). An HIV positivity rate of 13.5% was recorded. Distal tubal occlusion with hydrosalpinx was more associated with HIV infection in this series. Conclusion: A high HIV positivity rate was recorded among the patients with tubal infertility compared to the general population. There is prepondence of distal tubal occlusion in infertile women with tubal factor.

© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Article

Received: March 26, 2007
Accepted: February 28, 2008
Published online: April 29, 2008
Issue release date: September 2008

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0378-7346 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-002X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GOI


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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