Tai Chi Chuan

State of the Art in International Research

Editor(s): Hong Y. (Hong Kong) 
Table of Contents
Vol. 52, No. , 2008
Section title: Balance Control and Falls Prevention and Tai Chi
Hong Y (ed): Tai Chi Chuan. State of the Art in International Research. Med Sport Sci. Basel, Karger, 2008, vol 52, pp 77-86
Balance Control and Falls Prevention and Tai Chi

Tai Chi Exercise and Proprioception Behavior in Old People

Li J.a,c · Xu D.b,c · Hong Y.b
aSchool of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada; bDepartment of Sports Science and Physical Education, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, and c Department of Health and Exercise Science, Tianjin Institute of Physical Education, Tianjin, China


Eighty subjects aged over 60 participated in this study. Ankle and knee joint kinesthesia were measured in 21 long-term TC practitioners (TC group), 20 long-term swimming/running exercisers (S/R group), and 27 sedentary controls (control group). The results showed that ankle joint kinesthesia significantly differed among the three groups (p= 0.001). TC practitioners could detect a significantly smaller amount of motion than could the S/R exercisers (p = 0.022) and sedentary counterparts (p = 0.001). No significant difference was found between the S/R group and the sedentary control group (p = 0.701). For the knee joint, the threshold for detection of passive motion was significantly different in knee extension and flexion. For knee flexion, the TC group showed a significantly smaller mean threshold for detection of passive motion than did the subjects in the control group (p = 0.026). There were no significant differences between the S/R group and the control group (p = 0.312), the TC group and S/R group (p = 0.533). For knee extension, no significant difference was noted among the three groups (p = 0.597).

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