Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in the developed countries
and many developing countries. Exercise training is the cornerstone of cardiac rehabilitation
program for patients with CHD, and exercise intensities in the 50-70% heart rate reserve have
been shown to improve functional capacity. However, recent studies found exercise with
lower intensity also displayed benefits to CHD patients, and increased the acceptance of
exercise program, particularly unfit and elderly patients. Tai Chi Chuan (TC) is a traditional
conditioning exercise in the Chinese community, and recently it has become more popular in
the Western societies. The exercise intensity of TC is low to moderate, depending on the
training style, posture and duration. Participants can choose to perform a complete set of TC
or selected movements according to their needs. Previous research substantiates that TC
enhances aerobic capacity, muscular strength, endothelial function and psychological wellbeing.
In addition, TC reduces some cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension and
dyslipidemia. Recent studies have also proved that TC is safe and effective for patients with
myocardial infarction, coronary bypass surgery and heart failure. Therefore, TC may be prescribed
as an alternative exercise program for selected patients with cardiovascular diseases.
In conclusion, TC has potential benefits for patients with CHD, and is appropriate for implementation
in the community.
Copyright / Drug Dosage
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