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Table of Contents
Vol. 74, No. 2, 1998
Issue release date: August 1998
Section title: Paper
Biol Neonate 1998;74:84–93
(DOI:10.1159/000014015)

Human Milk: Nutritional Aspects of a Dynamic Food

Picciano M.F.
The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: July 23, 1998
Issue release date: August 1998

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO

Abstract

The composition and volume of human milk progressively changes with the onset and duration of lactation and can be influenced by maternal nutritional factors. Current evidence indicates that infant demand is the major determinant of the quantity of milk transferred to the nursing infant. Human milk is remarkable for its variability, and ranges of intakes of milk constituents are comparable with normal patterns of infant growth and development. Lipids are by far the most variable constituents in human milk with both long-term maternal nutrition states and daily intake capable of exerting an influence. Maternal vitamin intake bears a strong relationship to milk content, and appropriate intakes of vitamins D and K may not always be furnished to nursing infants. Major and trace minerals in human milk are not greatly affected by maternal diet, with selenium and iodine being notable exceptions. Compartmentalization and molecular forms of the trace elements in human milk are associated with high infant bioavailability. The success of lactation should be measured using maternal and infant indices of nutritional adequacy.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: July 23, 1998
Issue release date: August 1998

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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