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Vol. 26, No. 2, 2008
Issue release date: August 2008
Section title: Original Paper
Cerebrovasc Dis 2008;26:190–198
(DOI:10.1159/000145327)

Statin Potentiates Human Platelet eNOS Activity without Enhancing eNOS mRNA and Protein Levels

Yemisci M. · Ay H. · Kocaefe Ç. · Qui J. · Topalkara K. · Özgüç M. · Kirazli Ş. · Özcebe O. · Moskowitz M.A. · Dalkara T.
Departments of aNeurology, bMedical Biology and cInternal Medicine (Hematology Unit) and dInstitute of Neurological Sciences and Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey; eStroke and Neurovascular Regulation Laboratory, Departments of Radiology and Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, Mass., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 12/13/2006
Accepted: 2/18/2008
Published online: 7/15/2008

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1015-9770 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9786 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CED

Abstract

Background/Aims: Experimental studies suggest an enhanced endothelial and platelet nitric oxide (NO) generation after statin treatment, possibly due to increased endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) activity and protein levels. In parallel with experimental research, statins were shown to increase the forearm blood flow independently of serum cholesterol in humans. However, it was not possible to correlate blood flow changes with eNOS levels in these studies due to limitations in obtaining arterial samples. Hence, we investigated changes in eNOS activity, mRNA and protein levels after statin treatment in human platelets, which are readily accessible unlike arteries. Methods: In vitro bleeding times were measured in 22 patients by stimulating platelets with collagen-epinephrine or collagen-ADP. To assess platelet eNOS activity, the bleeding times were also determined after incubating platelets with L-arginine. The measurements were repeated following 14 days of pravastatin (40 mg/day) treatment. Platelet-rich plasma was collected before and after statin treatment to evaluate eNOS mRNA (semiquantitative RT-PCR) and protein levels (Western blotting). Results: The basal bleeding time was prolonged by 24 ± 3% (mean ± SE) when the samples were incubated with 500 µM of L-arginine. The NOS inhibitor L-N5-(I-iminoethyl)ornithine reversed this effect, suggesting that it was mediated by NO. After statin treatment, the NO-mediated prolongation of the bleeding time with 500 µM of L-arginine was significantly potentiated (to 44 ± 10%). Despite enhanced eNOS activity, there was no significant change in platelet eNOS mRNA and protein levels after statin treatment. Conclusion: These data demonstrate that platelet eNOS activity is potentiated after statin treatment in humans in parallel with experimental studies.


  

Author Contacts

Turgay Dalkara, MD, PhD
Department of Neurology, Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine
TR–06100 Ankara (Turkey)
Tel. +90 312 305 2130, Fax +90 312 311 3973, E-Mail tdalkara@hacettepe.edu.tr

  

Article Information

Received: December 13, 2006
Accepted: February 18, 2008
Published online: July 15, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 9
Number of Figures : 5, Number of Tables : 2, Number of References : 58

  

Publication Details

Cerebrovascular Diseases

Vol. 26, No. 2, Year 2008 (Cover Date: August 2008)

Journal Editor: Hennerici M.G. (Mannheim)
ISSN: 1015–9770 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9786 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CED


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 12/13/2006
Accepted: 2/18/2008
Published online: 7/15/2008

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1015-9770 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9786 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CED


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