Placental villi of 5 exactly defined early human specimens ranging from day 21 post conception (p.c.) until day 42 p.c. and from an additional 43 specimens from about 5 to 40 weeks menstrual age have been analyzed ultrastructurally with regard to fetal vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. The following results were obtained: The first cells differentiating at day 21 p.c. probably originating from mesenchymal precursors, are macrophage-like cells. At almost the same time, mesenchymal cells transform into haemangioblastic cell cords which are the forerunners of the capillary endothelium and haematopoietic stem cells. A third cell population related to the fetal circulatory system and derived from the mesenchymal cells are presumptive pericytes. Capillary formation takes place by the aggregation of haemangioblastic cells which are attached to each other by intercellular junctions. The lumen is formed by the dehiscence of the intercellular clefts. A capillary basal lamina cannot be detected earlier than in the last trimester. In this last period of gestation fetal villous angiogenesis takes place by the proliferation of the existing endothelium and pericytes rather than via haemangioblastic cells.
Dr. P. Kaufmann, Department of Anatomy, RWTH, Melatener Strasse 211, D-5100 Aachen (FRG)
Received: November 9, 1988
Accepted: December 20, 1988
Published online: July 16, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 14
Cells Tissues Organs (in vivo, in vitro)
Vol. 136, No. 3, Year 1989 (Cover Date: 1989)
Journal Editor: Denker H.-W. (Essen), English A.W. (Atlanta, Ga.)
ISSN: 1422–6405 (Print), eISSN: 1422–6421 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CTO
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