Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 144, No. 3, 1992
Issue release date: 1992
Section title: Original Paper
Acta Anatomica 1992;144:235–257
(DOI:10.1159/000147312)

Histochemical Distribution of Non-Haem Iron in the Human Brain

Morris C.M.a · Candy J.M.a · Oakley A.E.a · Bloxham C.A.b · Edwardson J.A.a
aMRC Neurochemical Pathology Unit and bDepartment of Pathology, Newcastle General Hospital, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

Do you have an account?

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

Register and profit from personalized services (MyKarger) Login Information

Please create your User ID & Password





Contact Information









I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.

To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger (new!)
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
  • Reduced rates with a PPV account
read more

Direct: USD 38.00
Account: USD 26.50

Select

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00

Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 10/15/1991
Accepted: 1/6/1992
Published online: 7/16/2008
Issue release date: 1992

Number of Print Pages: 23
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1422-6405 (Print)
eISSN: 1422-6421 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CTO

Abstract

The detailed anatomical distribution of iron in the post-mortem human brain has been studied using Perl’s and Turnbull’s methods with the diaminobenzidine intensification procedure for the demonstration of non-haem Fe3+ and Fe2+ respectively. Attention to methodological procedures has revealed that even brief immersion of tissue in routinely used fixatives causes a reduction of staining intensity in areas of high iron content and, often, loss of staining in areas of low iron content. Optimal staining is obtained using frozen section briefly fixed for 5 min in 4% formalin and Perl’s stain (Fe3+) with diaminobenzidine intensification. Highest levels of stainable iron were found in the extrapyramidal system with the globus pallidus, substantia nigra zona reticulata, red nucleus and myelinated fibres of the putamen showing highest staining reactivity. Moderate staining intensity with Perl’s technique was found in the majority of forebrain, midbrain and cerebellar structures with the striatum, thalamus, cortex and deep white matter, substantia nigra zona compacta, and cerebellar cortex showing consistent staining patterns with intensification of Perl’s stain. The brain-stem and spinal cord generally only showed staining with the intensification procedure and even this was of low intensity. Microscopically the non-heam iron appears to be found predominantly in glial cells as fine cytoplasmic granules which in heavily stained areas coalesce to fill the entire cell. Iron-positive granules appear to be free in the neuropil and also around blood vessels in the globus pallidus, striatum and substantia nigra. The neuropil shows a fibrous impregnation when stained for iron which is, in part, derived from glial processes, myelinated fibres and fibre bundles. Neurones, in general, show only very low reactivity for iron, and this is difficult to discern due, often, to the higher reactivity of the surrounding neuropil. In the globus pallidus and substantia nigra zona reticulata, neurones with highly stainable iron content are found with granular cytoplasmic iron reactivity similar to that seen in the local glial cells. Our results are comparable with those of early workers, but with the use of intensification extend the distribution of non-haem iron to areas previously reported as negative. No apparent correlation of iron staining with known neurotransmitter systems is seen and the predilection for the extrapyramidal system is not easily explained, though the non-haem iron in the brain appears to be as a storage form in the iron storage protein ferritin. The localization of iron in the brain provides a foundation for the study of iron in certain neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, where iron has been implicated in the pathogenesis.

© 1992 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

C.M. Morris, MRC Neurochemical Pathology Unit, Newcastle General Hospital, Westgate Road, Newcastle upon Tyne NE4 6BE (UK)

  

Article Information

Received: October 15, 1991
Accepted: January 6, 1992
Published online: July 16, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 23

  

Publication Details

Cells Tissues Organs (in vivo, in vitro)

Vol. 144, No. 3, Year 1992 (Cover Date: 1992)

Journal Editor: Denker H.-W. (Essen), English A.W. (Atlanta, Ga.)
ISSN: 1422–6405 (Print), eISSN: 1422–6421 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CTO


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 10/15/1991
Accepted: 1/6/1992
Published online: 7/16/2008
Issue release date: 1992

Number of Print Pages: 23
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1422-6405 (Print)
eISSN: 1422-6421 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CTO


Copyright / Drug Dosage

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.