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Vol. 41, No. 6, 2008
Issue release date: October 2008
Section title: Original Paper
Psychopathology 2008;41:356–364
(DOI:10.1159/000152377)

DSM-IV Personality Disorders and Their Axis I Correlates in the South African Population

Suliman S. · Stein D.J. · Williams D.R. · Seedat S.
aMRC Anxiety and Stress Disorders Unit, Department of Psychiatry, University of Stellenbosch, and bDepartment of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; cHarvard School of Public Health, Boston, Mass., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 8/13/2007
Accepted: 1/15/2008
Published online: 9/3/2008
Issue release date: October 2008

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 8

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP

Abstract

Background: The prevalence of personality disorders (PD) in the South African population is largely unknown. Thus, we undertook to estimate prevalence, demographic correlates, co-morbidity and treatment rates of DSM-IV PD among South Africans. Sampling and Methods: A three-stage probability sample design was used. Of the 4,433 interviews obtained, based on quality control criteria, 4,315 interviews were retained for analysis. All participants were screened for PD and axis I disorders with the World Health Organisation Composite International Diagnostic Interview. The multiple imputation method was then used to estimate prevalence. Results: The multiple imputation prevalence estimate in the total sample was 6.8%. All three PD clusters were significantly co-morbid with each other and with other axis I disorders. Male gender was the only significant predictor of PD. Of note was the finding that less than one fifth of participants with a possible PD diagnosis had received treatment for a mental health or substance abuse problem in the previous 12 months. Conclusion: The high co-morbidity of PD with axis I disorders in South Africa is consistent with previous reports elsewhere. However, more research is indicated to determine the reasons for the higher prevalence of cluster A disorders than of cluster B and C disorders in this population.


  

Author Contacts

S. Suliman
MRC Unit on Anxiety and Stress Disorders, Department of Psychiatry
PO Box 19063, Tygerberg, 7505
Cape Town (South Africa)
Tel. +27 21 938 9020, Fax +27 21 933 5790, E-Mail sharain@sun.ac.za

  

Article Information

Received: August 13, 2007
Accepted after revision: January 15, 2008
Published online: September 3, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 9
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 8, Number of References : 37

  

Publication Details

Psychopathology (International Journal of Descriptive and Experimental Psychopathology, Phenomenology and Psychiatric Diagnosis)

Vol. 41, No. 6, Year 2008 (Cover Date: October 2008)

Journal Editor: Mundt C. (Heidelberg), Akiskal H.S. (San Diego, Calif.), Mezzich J.E. (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 0254–4962 (Print), eISSN: 1423–033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: 8/13/2007
Accepted: 1/15/2008
Published online: 9/3/2008
Issue release date: October 2008

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 8

ISSN: 0254-4962 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-033X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PSP


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