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Table of Contents
Vol. 12, No. 1, 2009
Issue release date: September 2008
Section title: Country Report
Public Health Genomics 2009;12:53–58
(DOI:10.1159/000153424)

Brazil: Public Health Genomics

Castilla E.E. · Luquetti D.V.
aECLAMC: Latin-American Collaborative Study of Congenital Malformations, at FIOCRUZ: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; bECLAMC at CEMIC: Centro de Educación Médica e Investigación Clínica, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Country Report

Received: 2/13/2008
Accepted: 4/1/2008
Published online: 9/3/2008

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1662-4246 (Print)
eISSN: 1662-8063 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHG

Abstract

Brazil represents half of South America and one third of Latin America, having more than 186 million inhabitants. After China and India it is the third largest developing country in the world. The wealth is unequally distributed among the states and among the people. Brazil has a large and complex health care system. A Universal Public Health System (SUS: Sistema SPACEnico de Saúde) covers the medical expenses for 80% of the population. The genetic structure of the population is very complex, including a large proportion of tri- hybrid persons, genetic isolates, and a panmictic large majority. Genetic services are offered at 64 genetic centers, half of them public and free. Nationwide networks are operating for inborn errors of metabolism, oncogenetics, and craniofacial anomalies. The Brazilian Society of Medical Genetics (SBGM) has granted 120 board certifications since 1986, and 7 recognized residences in medical genetics are operating in the country. Three main public health actions promoted by the federal government have been undertaken in the last decade, ultimately aimed at the prevention of birth defects. Since 1999, birth defects are reported for all 3 million annual live births, several vaccination strategies aim at the eradication of rubella, and wheat and maize flours are fortified with folic acid. Currently, the government distributes over 2 million US dollars to finance 14 research projects aimed at providing the basis for the adequate prevention and care of genetics disorders through the SUS. Continuity of this proactive attitude of the government in the area of genomics in public health is desired.


  

Author Contacts

Eduardo E. Castilla
ECLAMC/GENETICA/FIOCRUZ
Av. Brasil 4365, Pav. 26, sala 617
21045-900 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Tel. +55 21 3865 8141, Fax +55 21 2260 4282, E-Mail castilla@centroin.com.br

  

Article Information

Received: February 13, 2008
Accepted: April 1, 2008
Published online: September 3, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 6
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 0, Number of References : 22

  

Publication Details

Public Health Genomics

Vol. 12, No. 1, Year 2009 (Cover Date: September 2008)

Journal Editor: Knoppers B.M. (Montreal), Brand A. (Maastricht), Burke W. (Seattle, Wash.), Khoury M.J. (Atlanta, Ga.)
ISSN: 1662–4246 (Print), eISSN: 1662–8063 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHG


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Country Report

Received: 2/13/2008
Accepted: 4/1/2008
Published online: 9/3/2008

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1662-4246 (Print)
eISSN: 1662-8063 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHG


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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