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Table of Contents
Vol. 51, No. 1, 1988
Issue release date: 1988
Section title: Reviewed Article
Folia Primatol 1988;51:1–32
(DOI:10.1159/000156353)

The Behavioral Repertoire of the Black-and-White Ruffed Lemur, Varecia variegata variegata (Primates: Lemuridae)

Pereira M.E. · Seeligson M.L. · Macedonia J.M.
Duke University Primate Center, Durham, N.C., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Reviewed Article

Received: October 20, 1987
Accepted: July 15, 1988
Published online: September 11, 2008
Issue release date: 1988

Number of Print Pages: 32
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR

Abstract

A stable social group of 7 semifree-ranging black-and-white ruffed lemurs (Varecia variegata variegata) was studied for 4 months to catalog the behavioral repertoire of this species. Observations focussed on particular aspects of behavior were conducted before and after this 4-month period to supplement information gathered. Behavior in 11 major categories is detailed: postures, terrestrial locomotion, arboreal locomotion, feeding behavior, vocalizations, scent-marking, affinitive social behavior, agonistic social behavior, play behavior, sexual behavior, and parental behavior. Ruffed lemurs frequently used body positions and locomotor patterns unusual among lemurids, including bipedal hanging and long-descent leaps. These behaviors reinforce dental evidence that Varecia are among the most frugivorous of the Malagasy lemurs. Low intragroup cohesion, infrequent social interaction, and antiphonal use of several long-distance vocalizations suggest that ruffed lemurs naturally exhibit fission-fusion sociality. Social structure based on interindividual familiarity probably extends across foraging parties for several of the diurnally active lemurs; however, thus far only Varecia seems likely to exhibit fission-fusion sociality analogous to that seen in spider monkeys and chimpanzees.

© 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Reviewed Article

Received: October 20, 1987
Accepted: July 15, 1988
Published online: September 11, 2008
Issue release date: 1988

Number of Print Pages: 32
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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