Marking Behaviour in Two Lemur Species (L. fulvus and L. macaco): Relation to Social Status, Reproduction, Aggression and Environmental ChangeFornasieri I. · Roeder J.-J.
Laboratoire de Psychophysiologie (URA-CNRS 1295), Strasbourg, France
The influence of social status, reproductive and agonistic contexts and environmental change on scent-marking and allomarking rates were studied in captive groups of Lemur fulvus and Lemur macaco. No evidence of female social dominance over males appeared in either species. In L. fulvus, intrasexual relationships were characterized by the dominance of one adult male over another and by the existence of female affiliative association (‘central’ vs. ‘peripheral’ females). In L. macaco, no intrasexual dominance relationships were apparent except for a brief ostracism of one female. In both species, (1) intrasexual differences in social status were related to differences in marking rates, (2) no direct relation appeared between marking rates and aggression or reproduction, (3) allomarking was not differentially directed towards specific individuals and (4) physical environmental factors clearly influenced scent-marking and allomarking rates. These results are discussed in relation to the possible functions of marking behaviour in intragroup relations.
Isabelle Fornasieri, Laboratoire de Psychophysiologie, URA-CNRS 1295, 7, rue de l’Université F-6700 Strasbourg (France)
Received: October 1, 1990
Accepted: November 2, 1992
Published online: September 12, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 12
Folia Primatologica (International Journal of PrimatologyInternationale Zeitschrift für PrimatologieJournal international de Primatologie)
Vol. 59, No. 3, Year 1992 (Cover Date: 1992)
Journal Editor: Crompton R.H. (Liverpool)
ISSN: 0015–5713 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9980 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/FPR