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Vol. 61, No. 2, 1993
Issue release date: 1993
Folia Primatol 1993;61:77–91
Reviewed Article

Effects of Tourists on Barbary Macaques at Gibraltar

O’Leary H.a · Fa J.E.b
aEcology and Conservation Unit, University College London, UK; bMEDAMBIOS and Institute of Mediterranean Ecology, Gibraltar


Interactions between tourists and Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus) at Queen’s Gate, Gibraltar, are described. Interaction rates are high, with 99.6 interactions/h at peak times. Macaques spend 13.2% of their day interacting with tourists and 41.9% inactive. An overall ratio of 3.2:1 between human-initiated and macaque-initiated interactions was found. Of interactions involving humans, 85% concerned tourists. Diurnal activity patterns of the macaques were adapted to tourist visitation patterns. Old animals initiated more food-related interactions than younger ones. Infants/juveniles were the commonest class in contacts with humans and vehicles. Interactions involving more than one macaque were rare. High interaction rates were recorded for mothers and babies.

 goto top of outline Author Contacts

Dr. John E. Fa, Jersey Wildlife Preservation Trust, Less Augrès Manor, Trinity, Jersey JE3 5BF, Channel Islands (UK)

 goto top of outline Article Information

Received: February 26, 1992
Accepted: December 16, 1993
Published online: September 16, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 15

 goto top of outline Publication Details

Folia Primatologica (International Journal of PrimatologyInternationale Zeitschrift für PrimatologieJournal international de Primatologie)

Vol. 61, No. 2, Year 1993 (Cover Date: 1993)

Journal Editor: Crompton R.H. (Liverpool)
ISSN: 0015–5713 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9980 (Online)

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