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Table of Contents
Vol. 70, No. 6, 2008
Issue release date: December 2008
Section title: Novel Insights from Clinical Practice
Horm Res 2008;70:364–372
(DOI:10.1159/000161867)

Late-Onset Triple A Syndrome: A Risk of Overlooked or Delayed Diagnosis and Management

Salmaggi A.a · Zirilli L.b · Pantaleoni C.a · De Joanna G.a · Del Sorbo F.a · Koehler K.c · Krumbholz M.c · Huebner A.c · Rochira V.b
aIstituto Nazionale Neurologico Carlo Besta, IRCCS, Milan; bChair of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Endocrinology and Metabolism, and Geriatrics, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Ospedale S. Agostino-Estense di Baggiovara, Modena, Italy; cChildren’s Hospital, Technical University Dresden, Dresden, Germany

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Novel Insights from Clinical Practice

Received: December 07, 2007
Accepted: February 28, 2008
Published online: October 27, 2008
Issue release date: December 2008

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1663-2818 (Print)
eISSN: 1663-2826 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/HRP

Abstract

Background/Aims: A 33-year-old man was referred for the first time to the Division of Neurology because of the presence and progression of neurological symptoms. Dysphagia, weakness, reduced tear production, and nasal speech were present. In order to point the attention of late-onset triple A syndrome we describe this case and review the literature. Methods: Hormonal and biochemical evaluation, Schirmer test, tilt test and genetic testing for AAAS gene mutations. Results: Late-onset triple A syndrome caused by a novel homozygous missense mutation in the AAAS gene (A167V in exon 6) was diagnosed at least 17 years after symptom onset. Conclusions: The association between typical signs and symptoms of triple A syndrome should suggest the diagnosis even if they manifest in adulthood. The diagnosis should be confirmed by Schirmer test, endocrine testing (both basal and dynamic), genetic analysis, and detailed gastroenterological and neurological evaluations. Awareness of the possible late onset of the disease and of diagnosis in adulthood is still poor among clinicians, the acquaintance with the disease is more common among pediatricians. The importance of an adequate multidisciplinary clinical approach, dynamic testing for early diagnosis of adrenal insufficiency and periodical reassessment of adrenal function are emphasized.

© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Novel Insights from Clinical Practice

Received: December 07, 2007
Accepted: February 28, 2008
Published online: October 27, 2008
Issue release date: December 2008

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1663-2818 (Print)
eISSN: 1663-2826 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/HRP


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