Influence of Personality Disorder Features on Social Functioning in Substance-Abusing Women Five Years after Compulsive Residential TreatmentJansson I.a · Hesse M.b · Fridell M.a
aDepartment of Psychology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden; bCentre for Alcohol and Drug Research, Copenhagen, Denmark
Background: Personality disorders (PD) are related to negative outcome in substance abuse treatment, and in the general population, personality disorders are related to negative outcome in overall functioning. Little is known about the impact of PD on adjustment following substance abuse treatment. Methods: A cohort of 132 women was followed for 5 years after their index treatment episode in compulsory treatment. During treatment, patients were assessed with the SCID-II. At follow-up, patients were administered a timeline follow-back interview covering their functioning, including employment status over the years, and linked with hospital and criminal justice registers. Results: The impact of PD on functioning varied substantially between disorders and outcome domains. Conduct disorder alone was associated with criminal justice involvement, and conduct disorder and avoidant PD features were associated with unemployment. Dependent PD and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder features were positively associated with employment. Borderline PD features were associated with hospital admissions. Discussion: We discuss how strategies associated with various PDs may foster or hinder social adjustment in general and employment patterns in particular.
© 2008 S. Karger AG, Basel
Centre for Alcohol and Drug Research
DK–1150 Copenhagen (Denmark)
This work was carried out in a collaboration between the Compulsory Treatment Center Lunden and Lund University.
Published online: December 3, 2008
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 3, Number of References : 21
European Addiction Research
Vol. 15, No. 1, Year 2009 (Cover Date: December 2008)
Journal Editor: van den Brink W. (Amsterdam), Haasen C. (Hamburg)
ISSN: 1022–6877 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9891 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR