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Table of Contents
Vol. 27, No. 6, 1983
Issue release date: 1983
Section title: Paper
Ann Nutr Metab 1983;27:513–520
(DOI:10.1159/000176728)

Chemical and Nutritional Evaluation of Sweet Lupines

Yáñez E. · Ivanović D. · Owen D.F. · Ballester D.
Universidad de Chile, Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de los Alimentos (INTA), Santiago, Chile

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Received: August 17, 1982
Accepted: March 03, 1983
Published online: November 18, 2008
Issue release date: 1983

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

Sweet lupines are presently being cultivated at the Experimental Station in Gorbea (Chile). Four cultivars, Lupinus albus cv Astra, L. albus cv Multolupa, Lupinus luteus cv Aurea and Lupinus angustifolius, were examined for the chemical composition of whole and dehulled seeds and testa. Whole seeds contain 34–35% protein. The varieties of L. albus contain 13 % oil. L. luteus and L. angustifolius contain about 5 % ether extract. Crude fiber ranged from 11 to 17 % in the whole seed. Unsaturated fatty acids, especially oleic and lin-oleic, make up about 80% of total fatty acids. The alkaloid content of the seed was 0.02%. The amino acid composition of the protein indicated that the main deficiency corresponds to the sulfur-containing amino acids, i.e. methionine + cystine. The protein efficiency ratio values for L. albus cv Multolupa was 1.08 and 2.50 for casein. Supplementation with DL-methionine at 0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.4% of the diet significantly increased the basal value from 1.08 to 2.14, for the supplemented diet with 0.1% (p < 0.01). Higher levels of supplementation did not cause significant increases in the protein efficiency ratio. Apparent protein digestibility for the rat was 75 % for unsupplemented lupine. This value increased to about 79 % (p < 0.01) for the supplemented diets (casein 88.7%).

© 1983 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Received: August 17, 1982
Accepted: March 03, 1983
Published online: November 18, 2008
Issue release date: 1983

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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