Ulcerative Colitis in Remission: Is It Possible to Predict the Risk of Relapse?Leo S. · Leandro G. · Di Matteo G. · Caruso M.L. · Lorusso D.
aDepartment of Surgery, bDepartment of Medicine, cGastrointestinal Endoscopy Unit, dHistopathology Laboratory, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Specializzato in Gastroenterologia, Castellana Grotte (Bari), Italy
A series of anamnestic, clinical, endoscopic and histologic parameters was evaluated in 64 patients with ulcerative colitis in remission to assess whether any of these had predictive value of relapse. All patients with quiescent disease were followed for at least 6 months. The statistical analysis was carried out by means of likelihood χ2 test, receiver operating characteristic curve, Youden index and stepwise logistic regression. Eighteen patients out of 64 (28 %) had a relapse, in a mean period of 9 months after the beginning of the study. The findings of our study suggest that only three factors were useful in selecting a subpopulation with a higher risk of recurrence: (a) a fiber-poor diet; (b) a number of previous episodes of relapse higher than 10, and (c) the presence of extraintestinal manifestations.
Dr. Dionigi Lorusso, Divisione di Chirurgia, Istituto a Carattere Scientifico, Via Valente n. 4, I-70013 Castellana Grotte (Bari) (Italy)
Received: January 27, 1989
Received in revised form: September 11, 1989
Published online: February 03, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 5
Digestion (International Journal of Gastroenterology)
Vol. 44, No. 4, Year 1989 (Cover Date: 1989)
Journal Editor: Beglinger C. (Basel), Göke B. (Munich)
ISSN: 0012-2823 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9867 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DIG