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Vol. 27, No. 3, 2009
Issue release date: March 2009
Section title: Original Research Article
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord 2009;27:247–253
(DOI:10.1159/000203888)

Validation Study of the Mini-Mental State Examination in a Malay-Speaking Elderly Population in Malaysia

Ibrahim N.M.a · Shohaimi S.d · Chong H.-T.c · Rahman A.H.A.b · Razali R.b · Esther E.c · Basri H.B.a
Departments of aMedicine and bPsychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center, and cDepartment of Neurology, Faculty of Medicine, University Malaya Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, and dDepartment of Biology, University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research Article

Accepted: 10/31/2008
Published online: 2/25/2009
Issue release date: March 2009

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM

Abstract

Background/Aims: In view of the differing sensitivity and specificity of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in the non-English-speaking populations, we conducted the first validation study of the Malay version (M-MMSE) in Malaysia among 300 subjects (from the community and outpatient clinics). Methods: Three versions were used: M-MMSE-7 (serial 7), M-MMSE-3 (serial 3) and M-MMSE-S (spell ‘dunia’ backwards). Dementia was assessed using the criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV. The optimal cutoff scores were obtained from the receiver operating characteristics curves. Results: Seventy-three patients (24.3%) had dementia and 227 (75.7%) were controls. Three hundred patients completed the M-MMSE-7, 160 the M-MMSE-3 and 145 the M-MMSE-S. All 3 versions were valid and reliable in the diagnosis of dementia. The optimal cutoff scores varied with each version and gender. In the control group, significant gender differences were observed in the patients with the lowest educational status. Increasing educational levels significantly improved the M-MMSE performance in both genders. Conclusion: All 3 versions of the M-MMSE are valid and reliable as a screening tool for dementia in the Malaysian population, but at different cutoff scores. In those with the lowest educational background, gender-adjusted cutoff scores should be applied.

© 2009 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

Associate Prof. Dr. Norlinah Mohamed Ibrahim
Department of Medicine, UKM Medical Center
56000 Bandar Tun Razak
Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
Tel. +60 3 9145 6083, Fax +60 3 9173 7829, E-Mail norlinah@mail.hukm.ukm.my

  

Article Information

Accepted: October 31, 2008
Published online: February 25, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 7
Number of Figures : 0, Number of Tables : 5, Number of References : 19

  

Publication Details

Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders

Vol. 27, No. 3, Year 2009 (Cover Date: March 2009)

Journal Editor: Chan-Palay V. (New York, N.Y.)
ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Research Article

Accepted: 10/31/2008
Published online: 2/25/2009
Issue release date: March 2009

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 1420-8008 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9824 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DEM


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