Cell-Mediated Toxicity of Interleukin-2-Activated Lymphocytes against Autologous and Allogeneic Human Myeloma CellsShimazaki C. · Atzpodien J. · Wisniewski D. · Gulati S.C. · Kolitz J.E. · Fried J. · Clarkson B.D.
Laboratory of Hematopoietic Cell Kinetics and Hematology/Lymphoma Service, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, N.Y., USA
We studied the sensitivity of human myeloma (plasma cell leukemia) toward autologous and allogeneic lymphokine-activated killer (LAK) cells. Fresh plasma cell leukemia (PCL)-derived peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and PBMC from 3 normal donors were cultured in the presence of recombinant interleukin-2 (rIL2; 1,000 U/ml) for subsequent use as cytotoxic effectors against fresh and continuously cultured myeloma cells. Target cell lysis was measured in a 4-hour 51Cr radioisotope release assay. At an effector to target (E:T) ratio of 50:1, rIL2-induced PCL-PBMC lysed 48 ± 19% (mean ± 1 SD) of autologous myeloma targets, as compared to 89 ± 5, 95 ± 15, and 100 ± 9% lysis of standard LAK-sensitive Daudi cells and allogeneic myeloma cell lines SKO-007, and RPMI-8226, respectively. Normal PBMC-derived rIL2-induced (LAK) cells exhibited a slightly lower cytotoxic reactivity against allogeneic targets (61 ± 9, 60 ± 6, and 81 ± 8% cytolysis of SKO-007, RPMI-8226, and Daudi cells, respectively, at a 50:1 E:T ratio). Cytotoxicity against myeloma (PCL) of autologous PCL-derived killer cells could be significantly (at least 2-fold) enhanced when rIL-2- induced effector cells were preincubated for 18 h in the presence of recombinant Interferon-α rIFN-α; 1,000 U/ml). In summary, our results indicate the potential antitumor efficacy of rIL2- and rIL2 + rlFN-α-activated killer cells in human myeloma (PCL).
© 1988 S. Karger AG, Basel
Dr. Bayard D. Clarkson, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10021 (USA)
Received: December 17, 1987
Accepted: June 29, 1988
Published online: February 24, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 7
Vol. 80, No. 4, Year 1988 (Cover Date: 1988)
Journal Editor: Ben-Bassat I. (Qiryat-Ono)
ISSN: 0001-5792 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9662 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/AHA