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Table of Contents
Vol. 42, No. 2, 1996
Issue release date: 1996
Section title: Clinical Section
Gerontology 1996;42:108–113
(DOI:10.1159/000213780)

Relationship between Falls and Stride Length Variability in Senile Dementia of the Alzheimer Type

Nakamura T.a · Meguro K.b · Sasaki H.b
aInstitute of Special Education, Tsukuba University, Tsukuba; bDepartment of Geriatric Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Received: April 28, 1995
Accepted: November 15, 1995
Published online: April 15, 2009
Issue release date: 1996

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER

Abstract

In this study, 97 patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT) in a nursing home were followed over a period of 2 years, and the relationship between falls and gait function was examined. The findings indicated that the number of fallers was significantly higher in moderate-stage SDAT patients than in the mild-stage patients. In the moderate-stage SDAT patients, walking speed and stride length, measured as indices to evaluate gait function, were significantly lower, and the stride length variability was significantly higher than in mild-stage patients. When comparing the gait indices of fallers and non-fallers by the severity of dementia, a significant difference was observed only in stride length variability. The gait abnormality associated with advanced severity in dementia is believed to be a factor affecting falling. In particular, stride length variability appeared to be an effective predictor of falling.

© 1996 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Clinical Section

Received: April 28, 1995
Accepted: November 15, 1995
Published online: April 15, 2009
Issue release date: 1996

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/GER


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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