Acute Gastroduodenal Mucosal Injury after Cisplatin plus Etoposide Chemotherapy
Sartori S. · Nielsen I. · Maestri A. · Beltrami D. · Trevisani L. · Pazzi P.
Clinical and Endoscopic Study
Second Department of Internal Medicine and Oncology Service, Arcispedale S. Anna, Ferrara, Italy
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
The effects on gastric and duodenal mucosa induced by cisplatin plus etoposide (PE) chemotherapy were investigated in 32 patients with lung cancer. They were submitted to gastroduodenoscopy before receiving cisplatin 100 mg/m2 (day 1) plus etoposide at a mean dose of 107mg/m2 (days 1, 3 and 5). Endoscopic examination was repeated on day 8. Before chemotherapy, 22 patients showed normal endoscopic appearance and 10 minimal lesions (3 or fewer erosions). After chemotherapy, 16 remained normal, 1 had minimal lesions and 15 developed major lesions: 11 gastric or duodenal multiple erosions, 1 diffuse erosive gastritis, 2 gastric and 1 duodenal ulcer (p < 0.001). No difference was observed in the number of vomiting episodes nor in severity of upper gastrointestinal symptoms between the patients who remained normal and those who developed mucosal injury. We conclude that PE chemotherapy can have a properly called gastroduodenal toxicity, leaving nausea and vomiting out which are rather due to central than peripheral mechanisms. Some trials are necessary to investigate which kind of drugs (H2-receptor blockers, sucralfate, prostaglandin E analogues) may be useful in preventing acute gastroduodenal mucosal injury induced by PE chemotherapy.
© 1991 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.