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Table of Contents
Vol. 74, No. 1, 1984
Issue release date: 1984
Section title: Original Paper
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1984;74:67–70
(DOI:10.1159/000233518)

Distribution of Cat Allergen 1 in Cat Tissues and Fluids

Brown P.R.a · Leitermann K.b · Ohman Jr. J.L.c
aDivision of Laboratory Animal Medicine, New England Medical Center; bAllergy Research Laboratory of the Veterans Administration Outpatient Clinic, and cTufts University School of Medicine, Boston, Mass., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 25, 1983
Published online: August 04, 2009
Issue release date: 1984

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA

Abstract

The distribution of the major allergen of the domestic cat, cat allergen 1, was studied in 22 different tissues obtained from a male and female cat and in samples of saliva and urine. Of the cat tissues studied, only extracts of pelt and female brain contained amounts of cat allergen 1 in excess of 0.50 U/ml. Smaller amounts of cat allergen 1 were found in extracts of eye, thyroid, ovary, sublingual gland and large intestine. Unstimulated cat saliva contained a mean of 1.08 U/ml cat allergen 1. Saliva stimulated with ketamine HCl alone, or with ketamine HCl plus pilocarpine, contained 0.68–8.16 U/ml cat allergen 1. In all of the stimulated saliva collections, the total quantity of cat allergen 1 obtained was relatively constant (between 40 and 80 U). These results suggested that the elaboration of cat allergen 1 in saliva is independent of parasympathetic control. Cat allergen 1 could only be detected in cat urine that had been concentrated 9-fold in concentrations of less than 0.5 U/ml. The above results support the hypothesis that the major source of cat allergen 1 is the saliva, and that the presence of cat allergen 1 in the pelt is due to deposition of the allergen during grooming.

© 1984 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 25, 1983
Published online: August 04, 2009
Issue release date: 1984

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


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