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Table of Contents
Vol. 103, No. 4, 1994
Issue release date: 1994
Section title: Original Paper
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1994;103:384–390
(DOI:10.1159/000236658)

Effect of Cetirizine on Human Eosinophil Superoxide Generation, Eosinophil Chemotaxis and Eosinophil Peroxidase in vitro

Okada C. · Eda R. · Miyagawa H. · Sugiyama H. · Hopp R.J. · Bewtra A.K. · Townley R.G.
Allergic Disease Center, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, Nebr., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: September 03, 2009
Issue release date: 1994

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA

Abstract

Cetirizine, a potent Hrantagonist, has been reported to inhibit eosinophil migration into human skin. We, therefore, further evaluated the effect of cetirizine on eosinophil function, including superoxide anion generation, chemotaxis, and eosinophil peroxidase (EP) release. In allergic subjects, superoxide anion generation 60 min after platelet-activating factor (PAF) activation was inhibited by concentrations of cetirizine ranging from 0.01 to 1 μg/ml (2.612 × 10––8 to 2.612 × 10––6M). No significant inhibition was observed in normal subjects. PAF (10––6M)-induced eosinophil chemotaxis was also inhibited by cetirizine. In allergic subjects, percent inhibitions were 47.5 ± 6.1% at 0.01 μg/ml, 50.8 ± 5.1% at 0.1 μg/ml and 58.9 ± 6.4% at 1 μg/ml of cetirizine. In allergic subjects, N-formyl-methionyl-lencyl-phenylalanine induced eosinophil chemotaxis was inhibited by cetirizine, although EP release was not. These results suggest cetirizine has effects on eosinophils which can not be explained by H1-blockade alone.

© 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: September 03, 2009
Issue release date: 1994

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


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