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Vol. 29, No. 1, 1983
Issue release date: 1983
Chemotherapy 1983;29:18–23

In vitro Protection of Group A Beta-Hemolytic Streptococci from Penicillin and Cephalothin by Bacteroides fragilis

Brook I. · Yokum P.
Department of Infectious Diseases and the Clinical Microbiology Laboratory, Children’s Hospital National Medical Center and George Washington University School of Medicine, Washington, D.C., USA


Beta-lactamase produced by Bacteroides fragilis could protect from antibiotics group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GABHS), penicillin-susceptible pathogens frequently isolated from acute tonsillitis in children. To test this hypothesis we determined the minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) to penicillin and cephalothin of GABHS alone and in mixed culture with eleven beta-lactamase-producing strains of B. fragilis. B. fragilis strains with MBC values ≤ 32 μg/mlto penicillin and ≤64 μg/ml to cephalothin did not provide any protection for GABHS. However, strains with MBC ≥ 128 μg/ml to penicillin and ≥ 256 μg/ml to cephalothin provided protection by increasing the MBC of GABHS at least 8,534 times for penicillin and 2,048 times for cephalothin. This phenomenon was most marked in 5% CO2. B. fragilis provided no protection against clindamycin. These results may explain the inability of penicillin therapy to completely eradicate GABHS from cases of recurrently infected tonsils.

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Itzhak Brook, MD, Naval Medical Research Institute, National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, MD 20814 (USA)

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Published online: September 08, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 6

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Chemotherapy (International Journal of Experimental and Clinical Chemotherapy)

Vol. 29, No. 1, Year 1983 (Cover Date: 1983)

Journal Editor: Sörgel F. (Nürnberg-Heroldsberg)
ISSN: 0009-3157 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9794 (Online)

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