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Table of Contents
Vol. 116, No. 4, 1998
Issue release date: August 1998
Section title: Original Paper
Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1998;116:269–277
(DOI:10.1159/000023955)

A Mouse Model of Mosquito Allergy for Study of Antigen–Specific IgE and IgG Subclass Responses, Lymphocyte Proliferation, and IL–4 and IFN–Á Production

Chen Y.L.a · Simons F.E.R.a, b · Peng Z.a, b
aSection of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health and bDepartment of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: August 03, 1998
Issue release date: August 1998

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA

Abstract

To date, there are no ideal animal models for study of natural sensitization leading to IgE– and lymphocyte–mediated hypersensitivities. We established such a model in which four BALB/c mice were each sensitized by exposure to at least 16 mosquito Aedes aegypti bites, twice a week for 4 weeks. Four non–exposed control mice were also studied. Mosquito A. aegypti head and thorax extract, saliva, and two recombinant salivary allergens (rAed a 1 and rAed a 2) were used in vitro as antigens. Intradermal tests were performed. Serum mosquito antigen–specific IgG, IgG1, IgG2a, and total IgE were measured by ELISA; specific IgE was measured by passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA). IgE responses to each antigen in the saliva were analyzed using Western blotting. Spleen lymphocyte proliferation assays were performed to determine the cell–mediated hypersensitivity response. Antigen–induced IL–4 and IFN–γ production in the spleen lymphocytes were evaluated using ELISA. After 4 weeks, all 4 mosquito–sensitized mice developed a positive immediate wheal 20 min after skin tests with mosquito antigens, and a positive delayed papule 24 h later, while control mice did not. Also, the sensitized mice had a positive PCA response, which correlated significantly with total IgE levels (r = 0.84, p<0.05), confirming the presence of antigen–specific IgE, while none of control mice had a positive response. Antigen–specific IgG1, but not IgG2a, was increased in the sensitized mice (p<0.01). Western blotting showed that 5 of the 8 antigens which elicited mouse IgE responses, including 2 major antigens, also elicited human IgE responses. The mean lymphocyte proliferation response to mosquito antigens also elicited human IgE responses. The mean lymphocyte proliferation response to mosquito antigens was significantly increased in the sensitized mice (p<0.05). IL–4 production was significantly increased and IFN–γ production was decreased, further suggesting that a Th2 immune response predominates despite the development of the delayed skin reaction. This new model of natural sensitization without using an adjuvant is potentially useful for the study of other allergic disorders as well as mosquito allergy.


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: August 03, 1998
Issue release date: August 1998

Number of Print Pages: 9
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.