Background: The exposure of human skin to leaves and branches of litre (Lithraea caustica), a Chilean endemic tree, induces a severe contact dermatitis characterized by swelling and pruritus in susceptible individuals. The allergenic priniciple of litre is 3–pentadecyl (10–enyl) catechol (litreol), which is structurally similar to the allergens isolated from poison oak and poison ivy. All of them belong to a family of compounds named urushiols. As a proelectrophilic allergen, litreol must be intracellularly activated before modifying proteins of individuals exposed to it. As a result, self–peptides derived from litreol–modified intracellular proteins would be presented in the context of class I MHC molecules. We hypothesized that CD8+ T lymphocytes would play a major role during the effector phase of the immune response induced by those modified peptides. In order to test this hypothesis, we investigated the cellular immune response to litreol in Balb/cJ mice. The role of the different lymphocyte subpopulations in this response was assessed by immunodepleting mice of CD4+ or CD8+ T lymphocytes using specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). We report the observation that the contact dermatitis induced by litreol has two components: a primary response which does not require TCRαβ+ T cells, and a secondary response mediated mainly by CD8+ T cells and regulated by CD4+ T cells. Our results show that CD8+ lymphocytes play a central role as effectors of the secondary response to litreol. Furthermore, our data suggest that two functionally different CD4+ T subpopulations serve as regulators of the CD8+ T cell function: a CD4+ T helper population sensitive to a low dose of the depleting mAb, and CD4+ T suppressor population which is eliminated only with a high dose of depleting mAb.
Received: Received: February 9, 1998
Accepted after revision: July 28, 1998
Number of Print Pages : 8
Number of Figures : 6, Number of Tables : 1, Number of References : 42
International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
Vol. 117, No. 3, Year 1998 (Cover Date: November 1998)
Journal Editor: G. Wick, Innsbruck
ISSN: 1018–2438 (print), 1423–0097 (Online)
For additional information:http://www.karger.com/journals/iaa
Article / Publication Details
Published online: 11/20/1998
Issue release date: November 1998
Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 6
Number of Tables: 1
ISSN: 1018-2438 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0097 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/IAA
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.