Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.

Login with Facebook

Forgot Password? Reset your password

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login (Shibboleth)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Journal Mobile Options
Table of Contents
Vol. 189, No. 2, 1994
Issue release date: 1994
Section title: Comments
Dermatology 1994;189:109–116
(DOI:10.1159/000246811)

Teratogenic Risk with Etretinate and Acitretin Treatment

Geiger J.-M.a · Baudin M.a · Saurat J.-H.b
aRoche International Clinical Research Center, Strasbourg, France; bDepartment of Dermatology, Hôpital Cantonal Universitaire, Geneva, Switzerland

Do you have an account?

Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



Login Information





Contact Information










I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

CHF 38.00 *
EUR 35.00 *
USD 39.00 *

Select

KAB

Buy a Karger Article Bundle (KAB) and profit from a discount!

If you would like to redeem your KAB credit, please log in.


Save over 20% compared to the individual article price.
Learn more

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00


Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select

* The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Comments

Received: December 03, 1993
Accepted: December 23, 1993
Published online: October 07, 2009
Issue release date: 1994

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-8665 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9832 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DRM

Abstract

Etretinate (Tigason®, Tegison®) and its active metabolite acitretin (Neotigason®, Soriatane®) are known teratogens. Pregnancy should be avoided during treatment and until 2 years after treatment discontinuation. The question is discussed whether a dose or a blood concentration of the drug below which there is no teratogenic risk can be determined. Animal experimental and human pharmacokinetic data are reviewed. An evaluation of the outcomes of pregnancies which occurred in mothers exposed to etretinate or acitretin was performed. A threshold dose in human therapy below which there is no risk of congenital malformation cannot be determined based on animal experimental data. With regard to pharmacokinetics, there are currently no data suggesting that blood levels of the drug below the detection limit of 2 ng/ml are associated with a teratogenic risk. The most useful information is given by reports in women who were exposed to either retinoid before or during pregnancy. The data indicate that the risk of spontaneous abortion or congenital malformation is high when the drug is administered during the first trimester of pregnancy. After treatment discontinuation, the risk is low since the number of abnormalities seems not to exceed those observed in a general population. There are currently no available data which suggest that the pregnancy warnings are inappropriate in terms of duration of contraception.

© 1994 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Comments

Received: December 03, 1993
Accepted: December 23, 1993
Published online: October 07, 2009
Issue release date: 1994

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-8665 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9832 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/DRM


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.