Background: Deletion of phenylalanine-508 (ΔF508) from the first nucleotide-binding domain (NBD1) in the wild-type cystic fibrosis (CF) transmembrane-conductance regulator (wtCFTR) causes CF. However, the mechanistic relationship between ΔF508-CFTR and the diversity of CF disease is unexplained. The surface location of F508 on NBD1 creates the potential for protein-protein interactions and nearby, lies a consensus sequence (SYDE) reported to control the pleiotropic protein kinase CK2. Methods: Electrophysiology, immunofluorescence and biochemistry applied to CFTR-expressing cells, Xenopus
oocytes, pancreatic ducts and patient biopsies. Results: Irrespective of PKA activation, CK2 inhibition (ducts, oocytes, cells) attenuates CFTR-dependent Cl-
transport, closing wtCFTR in cell-attached membrane patches. CK2 and wtCFTR co-precipitate and CK2 co-localized with wtCFTR (but not ΔF508-CFTR) in apical membranes of human airway biopsies. Comparing wild-type and ΔF508CFTR expressing oocytes, only ΔF508-CFTR Cl-
currents were insensitive to two CK2 inhibitors. Furthermore, wtCFTR was inhibited by injecting a peptide mimicking the F508 region, whereas the ΔF508-equivalent peptide had no effect. Conclusions: CK2 controls wtCFTR, but not ΔF508-CFTR. Others find that peptides from the F508 region of NBD1 allosterically control CK2, acting through F508. Hence, disruption of CK2-CFTR interaction by ΔF508-CFTR might disrupt multiple, membrane-associated, CK2-dependent pathways, creating a new molecular disease paradigm for deleted F508 in CFTR.
Prof. Dr. Karl Kunzelmann
Institut für Physiologie, Universität Regensburg
Universitaetstrasse 31, 93053 Regensburg (Germany)
Tel. +499419434302, Fax: +499419434315
Accepted: August 24, 2009
Published online: November 04, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 14
Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry (International Journal of Experimental Cellular Physiology, Biochemistry andPharmacology)
Vol. 24, No. 5-6, Year 2009 (Cover Date: 2009)
Journal Editor: F. Lang, Tübingen
ISSN: 1015–8987 (Print), eISSN: 1421–9778 (Online)
For additional information: http://www.karger.com/journals/cpb
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