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Vol. 74, No. 3, 2009
Issue release date: December 2009
Section title: Paper
Brain Behav Evol 2009;74:231–245
(DOI:10.1159/000258669)

The Evolution of Flexible Behavioral Repertoires in Cephalopod Molluscs

Grasso F.W. · Basil J.A.
aDepartment of Psychology and the CUNY Graduate Center, Program in Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Behavior, Program in Cognition, Brain and Behavior, bDepartment of Biology and the CUNY Graduate Center, Program in Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Behavior, Brooklyn College, CUNY, Brooklyn, N.Y., USA

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 12/21/2009
Issue release date: December 2009

Number of Print Pages: 15
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0006-8977 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9743 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BBE

Abstract

Cephalopods are a large and ancient group of marine animals with complex brains. Forms extant today are equipped with brains, sensors, and effectors that allow them not to just exist beside modern vertebrates as predators and prey; they compete fiercely with marine vertebrates at every scale from small crustaceans to sperm whales. We review the evolution of this group’s brains, learning ability and complex behavior. We outline evidence that although competition with vertebrates has left a deep impression on the brains and behavior of cephalopods, the original reorganization of their complex brains from their molluscan ancestors might have been forged in ancient seas millions of years before the advent of bony fishes.


  

Author Contacts

Frank W. Grasso, Department of Psychology and the CUNY Graduate Center
Program in Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Behavior, Program in Cognition,
Brain and Behavior, Brooklyn College, CUNY, 2900 Bedford Ave
Brooklyn, NY 11210 (USA), Tel. +1 718 951 5000, ext. 4529, Fax +1 718 951 4814
E-Mail fgrasso@brooklyn.cuny.edu

  

Article Information

F.W. Grasso and J.A. Basil contributed equally to the manuscript.

Published online: December 21, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 15
Number of Figures : 3, Number of Tables : 1, Number of References : 160

  

Publication Details

Brain, Behavior and Evolution

Vol. 74, No. 3, Year 2009 (Cover Date: December 2009)

Journal Editor: Wilczynski W. (Atlanta, Ga.), Striedter G.F. (Irvine, Calif.)
ISSN: 0006-8977 (Print), eISSN: 1421-9743 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BBE


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Published online: 12/21/2009
Issue release date: December 2009

Number of Print Pages: 15
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0006-8977 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9743 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/BBE


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in goverment regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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