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Vol. 37, No. 4, 1980
Issue release date: 1980
Section title: Paper
Phonetica 1980;37:253–266
(DOI:10.1159/000259995)

A Cineradiographic Study of Static and Dynamic Aspects of American English /r/

Zawadzki P.A. · Kuehn D.P.
Department of Speech Communication, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pa. and Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology, University of Denver, Denver, Colo.

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Received: 1/31/1980
Accepted: 4/1/1980
Published online: 11/13/2009
Issue release date: 1980

Number of Print Pages: 14
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0031-8388 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0321 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHO

Abstract

High speed cineradiograms were used to examine the articulatory characteristics associated with selected allophones of American English /r/. Only one of the three speakers produced a ‘retroflexed’ /r/ with a raised tongue apex. The other speakers produced a ‘bunched’ /r/ characterized by a raising of the tongue dorsum. Two basic types of /r/ were observed for all three speakers: (1) prevocalic /r/, which initiated a syllable, and (2) post-vocalic /r/, which terminated a syllable or formed a syllabic nucleus. The prevocalic allophone was characterized by greater lip rounding, a more advanced tongue position, and less tongue dorsum grooving. The two allophones also were associated with different variability and movement attributes. The differences in /r/ allophones were found to be similar to previously reported differences in American English /1/ allophones.

© 1980 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

Paul A. Zawadzki, Department of Speech Communication, 212 Sparks Building, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802 (USA)

  

Article Information

Received: January 31, 1980
Accepted: April 1, 1980
Published online: November 13, 2009
Number of Print Pages : 14

  

Publication Details

Phonetica (International Journal of Phonetic Science)

Vol. 37, No. 4, Year 1980 (Cover Date: 1980)

Journal Editor: Kohler K. (Kiel)
ISSN: 0031-8388 (Print), eISSN: 1423-0321 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHO


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Received: 1/31/1980
Accepted: 4/1/1980
Published online: 11/13/2009
Issue release date: 1980

Number of Print Pages: 14
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0031-8388 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0321 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PHO


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