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Table of Contents
Vol. 22, No. 5, 1999
Issue release date: October 1999
Section title: Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit
Onkologie 1999;22:374–381
(DOI:10.1159/000026986)

Hyperthermia Combined with Chemotherapy – Biological Rationale, Clinical Application, and Treatment Results

Issels R.

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: November 10, 1999
Issue release date: October 1999

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 2296-5270 (Print)
eISSN: 2296-5262 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORT

Abstract

Summary

There is substantial evidence from preclinical data that the antitumor cytotoxicity of selected chemotherapeutic agents either alone or combined with radiation can be enhanced by appropriate heat exposure (40–44 °C) of cells or tumor tissues. Based upon these results the integration of hyperthermia as an additional treatment modality, given simultaneously with systemic chemotherapy or in combination with radiochemotherapy, is currently tested at the clinic. Regional hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy or radiochemotherapy showed impressive results (phase II studies) at clinical relevant temperatures in locally advanced tumors of different entities in terms of objective response rate, local tumor control and relapse-free survival. Clinical protocols of well-designed phase III trials on combined treatment modalities integrating hyperthermia are rather limited but for some tumors confirm its clinical benefit. In general, the clinical approach to use hyperthermia has gained much more interest within in the field of medical oncology. One of the major reason is the substantial technical improvements made with the available commercial equipment for local or regional heating, especially in case of deep-seated lesions or systemic heating. Further testing of the potential of hyperthermia combined with chemotherapy or radiochemotherapy in prospective randomized trials are warranted. At this time, hyperthermia as an adjunct to conventional treatment strategies is recommended in the setting of clinical protocols. The results of prospective trials should answer the question for which types of local advanced or metastatic tumors hyperthermia becomes standard as part of a multimodal treatment strategy.

© 1999 S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Review Article · Übersichtsarbeit

Published online: November 10, 1999
Issue release date: October 1999

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 2296-5270 (Print)
eISSN: 2296-5262 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ORT


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.