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Surgical Reconstruction of Pelvic Floor Descent: Anatomic and Functional AspectsWagenlehner F.M.E.a · Bschleipfer T.a · Liedl B.b · Gunnemann A.c · Petros P.d · Weidner W.a
aClinic of Urology, Pediatric Urology and Andrology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, bBeckenbodenzentrum München, Munich, and cDepartment of Urology, Klinikum Lippe, Detmold, Germany; dDepartment of Gynaecology, Royal Perth Hospital, Perth, W.A., Australia Corresponding Author
Clinic of Urology, Pediatric Urology and Andrology, Justus Liebig University
DE–35385 Giessen (Germany)
Tel. +49 641 994 4518, Fax +49 641 994 4509, E-Mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction: The human pelvic floor is a complex structure and pelvic floor dysfunction is seen frequently in females. Materials and Methods: This review focuses on the surgical reconstruction of the pelvic floor employing recent findings on functional anatomy. A selective literature research was performed by the authors. Results: Pelvic floor activity is regulated by 3 main muscular forces that are responsible for vaginal tension and suspension of the pelvic floor organs, bladder and rectum. A variety of symptoms can derive from pelvic floor dysfunctions, such as urinary urge and stress incontinence, abnormal bladder emptying, fecal incontinence, obstructive bowel disease syndrome and pelvic pain. These symptoms mainly derive, for different reasons, from laxity in the vagina or its supporting ligaments as a result of altered connective tissue. Pelvic floor reconstruction is nowadays driven by the concept that in case of pelvic floor symptoms, restoration of the anatomy will translate into restoration of the physiology and ultimately improve patients’ symptoms. Conclusion: The surgical reconstruction of the anatomy is almost exclusively focused on the restoration of the lax pelvic floor ligaments. Exact preoperative identification of the anatomical lesions is necessary to allow for exact anatomical reconstruction with respect to the muscular forces of the pelvic floor.
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