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Table of Contents
Vol. 98, No. 1, 2010
Issue release date: June 2010
Section title: Original Paper
Neonatology 2010;98:84–90
(DOI:10.1159/000276979)

Standardized Parenteral Nutrition in Preterm Infants: Early Impact on Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

Iacobelli S. · Bonsante F. · Vintéjoux A. · Gouyon J.-B.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Department of Paediatrics, University of Dijon, Dijon, France

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: April 14, 2009
Accepted: July 23, 2009
Published online: January 21, 2010
Issue release date: June 2010

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO

Abstract

Background: Parenteral nutrition is commonly given to premature infants. It has previously been suggested that standardized parenteral nutrition (SPN) may offer nutritional advantages compared to individualized parenteral nutrition (IPN). However, whether the same level of biochemical control is assured with SPN and with IPN remains uncertain. Objectives: To compare fluid and electrolyte balance in preterm infants receiving IPN versus SPN in the first week of life. Methods: 107 infants born at <33 weeks gestation were prospectively evaluated. Serum and urinary creatinine and electrolyte concentration, urine volume, body weight, fluid, electrolyte and energy intakes were recorded daily. Results: 40 infants received IPN and 67 SPN. Infants in IPN had significantly more water and less sodium intake than those receiving SPN. Energy and amino acid intakes were significantly lower in IPN than in SPN groups. Incidence of hypernatremia and hyponatremia was similar in both groups. Nonoliguric hyperkalemia (NOHK) was significantly more frequent in IPN than in SPN (20.0 vs. 2.9%) and mean serum K+ peak over the first 3 days was higher in IPN than in SPN (5.63 ± 1.05 vs. 4.91 ± 0.78 mmol/l). Weight loss (% of birth weight) at day 7 was significantly higher in IPN than in SPN (7.7 ± 5.8 vs. 4.2 ± 6.5) without differences in urine output/input fluid intake ratio and glomerular renal function between the two groups. Conclusions: There were no significant differences in water and sodium balance in preterm infants who received IPN versus SPN. The risk of NOHK was higher in IPN. Also, SPN significantly increased amino acid and caloric intakes, and it reduced early weight loss.

© 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: April 14, 2009
Accepted: July 23, 2009
Published online: January 21, 2010
Issue release date: June 2010

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 1661-7800 (Print)
eISSN: 1661-7819 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/NEO


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.