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Vol. 66, No. 5, 1997
Issue release date: 1997
Section title: Regular Article
Psychother Psychosom 1997;66:248–251
(DOI:10.1159/000289142)

Somatic Complaints Associated with Depressive Symptoms in HIV-Positive Patients

Fukunishi I.a · Matsumoto T.b · Negishi M.c · Hayashi M.d · Hosaka T.e · Moriya H.f
aTokyo Institute of Psychiatry, bDepartment of Psychiatry, Keio University School of Medicine, cDepartment of Infectious Disease, Tokyo Metropolitan Komagome Hospital, dDepartment of Public Health, Juntendo University School of Medicine, eDepartment of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Tokai University School of Medicine, fDepartment of Psychiatry, Tokyo Metropolitan Hiro Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Regular Article

Published online: 2/18/2010
Issue release date: 1997

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS

Abstract

Background: Although several studies have indicated the association of mood states including depression with somatic complaints in HIV patients, there has been no report on Japanese HIV patients. The purpose was to examine the relationship between somatic complaints and mood states in HIV patients without AIDS. Methods: Subjects were 50 HIV patients without AIDS. As controls, we used 47 healthy persons without HIV, matched for age and gender of the subjects. After the Structured Clinical Interview for the DSM-III-R, several inventories including the Profile of Mood States (POMS) were administered. The presence or absence of somatic complaints were examined. Results: No patients fulfilled the criteria for the DSM-III-R Mood Disorders Including Major Depression. However, scores on depression as measured by the POMS were significantly higher for the HIV group than for the healthy group. Although depressive symptoms in the HIV group may not be strong enough to warrant a psychiatric diagnosis of mood disorders, these HIV patients may be prone to a depressive state. The HIV patients indicated somatic complaints more frequently. Among these, the presence or absence of five complaints (i.e., abdominal distress, sleep disturbance, smothering sensations, chest pain or discomfort, and numbness or chills) was significantly discriminated based on scores on depression. Discussion: The results suggest that depressive symptoms accompany several somatic complaints in HIV patients without AIDS. Although a longitudinal follow-up study is required, the assessments of somatic symptoms may bring clinical benefits such as earlier diagnosis and/or intervention for a depressive state.

© 1997 S. Karger AG, Basel


  

Author Contacts

Isao Fukunishi, MD, Tokyo Institute of Psychiatry, 2-1-8 Kamikitazawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo 156 (Japan)

  

Article Information

Published online: February 18, 2010
Number of Print Pages : 4

  

Publication Details

Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics

Vol. 66, No. 5, Year 1997 (Cover Date: 1997)

Journal Editor: Fava G.A. (Bologna)
ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print), eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Regular Article

Published online: 2/18/2010
Issue release date: 1997

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0033-3190 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0348 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/PPS


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